2018.03.03 Saturday

Should I grow lemon in the garden? Or is it better to grow in bowls?

0

    JUGEMテーマ:家庭

     

     

     


    Should we grow lemon in the garden?

     

            Or is it better to grow in bowls?

     

     

     

    Know the characteristics of each

     

       and try changing the way to deal with it.


     

     

     

    When deciding to grow lemon trees

     

    ( Alternatively, other fruit trees are okay ),

     

    have you ever wondered

     

    whether to grow in the garden or to grow in bowls?

     

     

     

     

     

    I bought lemon seedlings.

     

    July 16, 2017 (Sun)

     

    As planned, lemon seedlings will arrive today.

     

     

     

     

    Reason for purchase.

     

    It is confirmed that this year's lemon harvest will be 0,

     

    as the fruit of the garden plant lemon has all fallen.

     

     

    I absolutely wanted to harvest lemon this year,

     

    so I bought a lemon seedling with fruits.

     

     

     

     

    And there is another reason.

     

    I bought it for potted plants.

     

    It is to accumulate experience of both gardening and potting!

     

     

    I would like to confirm the difference.

     

     

     

     

    A gargen plant

     

    <Merit>

     

    ・Higher yields.(The tree grows bigger)

     

    ・No need for replanting.

     

    ・The number of watering is low.

     

     Except for the hot summer, watering is almost unnecessary. etc

     

     

    <Disadvantage>

     

    ・The number of years until harvest is ready is long.

     

     (Is it difficult for three years after planting?)

     

    ・It is difficult to respond to the cold.

     

     If it falls below -3 ℃, it may die, so select the cultivated area.

     

    ・Because it tends to be a big tree, pruning every year is indispensable. etc

     

     

     

     

     

    My lemon trees is a garden plant!

     

    The best reason is "I wanted to harvest a lot!"

     

     

     

     

    However, when I went to Shimanami Kaido

     

    and saw the lemon trunk in the lemon field,

     

    I was a little worried that "If it got so big and thick like this ...".

     

     

     

    <Shimanami Kaido Lemon Field>

     

     

     

    I think that there is no way to prevent the trunk from becoming thick.

     

    However, I will prune from this year

     

    and I think I will prevent the tree from growing big.

     

     

     

    As mentioned above, according to Dimellit,

     

    this year's harvest may be difficult in the first place.

     

     

     

    Lemon of my home came in 2015.

     

    It is still two years since we planted it in the garden.

     

     

    I will try various things from now on

     

    so that it can be harvested exactly next year.

     

     

     

     

    I intend to take measures against cold this year.

     

    I did not do anything special last year.

     

     

     

    Since trees are getting quite large,

     

    I am wondering how to take measures.

     

     

     

    On the ground, mulch with straw etc.

     

    Or do I put a stick on all sides and try to surround with a transparent sheet?

     

     

    I think it is fine when there is no wind.

     

    However, if a strong wind blows ...

     

    Can I build a strong enclosure?

     

     

     

     

    <In May 2018, I added the current photo.>

     

     

     

     

    Potted plant

     

    <Merit>

     

    ・The number of years to first fruition is short.

     

    ・It is also possible to grow fruit trees that are vulnerable to cold.

     

     Easy to move indoors only in winter.

     

     (We do not choose area and place

     

    ・Fruits are easy to attach.

     

    ・Grows compact.

     

    ・There is less concern about diseases and pests if grown indoors. etc

     

     

     

     

    <Disadvantage>

     

    ・There is little harvest.

     

    ・Need to be replanted.(Replanting in 2-3 years)

     

    ・Watering is often necessary. etc

     

     

    Sometimes we use a large bowl of more than 20 liters, it is difficult to move.

     

    Maybe a plastic bowl is good? (Because it is light)

     

     

     

    I would like to grow the seedlings I bought this time in bowls.

     

    The reason is that I wanted to have experience in both ways.

     

    ( Ground planting and potted planting)

     

     

     

     

    Also, I am glad that potted plants can be expected to be harvested early.

     

    I was interested in reading an article in which

     

    a lemon farmer is growing hundreds of potted pots of lemon in house cultivation.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    And of course ・・・

     

     

    Because we will definitely harvest

     

    the fruit this year! !

     

     


    スマイル大笑いウィンクぽっグッド

     

     

     

     


     

     

     

    *「Potted plants are well-fruited」

     

     

    It is a trend of trees in general as well as lemon.

     

    If the cultivation of branches and leaves becomes too active,

     

    the majority of the nutrient is consumed for the cultivation of branches and leaves,

     

    and it does not turn to flowers and fruits,

     

    and it tends to deteriorate flowering and bearing.

     

     

     

     

    The growth of roots and branches and leaves are linked,

     

    and since planting with a large space for growing roots

     

    is likely to lead to the growth of branches and leaves,

     

    the fruiting tends to be worse.

     

     

     

    On the other hand,

     

    in potted plants where root growth is limited,

     

    the growth of branches and leaves is also limited,

     

    and it tends to be well-harvested.

     

     

     

     

     

    The number of years until the first fruiting

     

    is about 4 to 6 years for garden planting,

     

    but about 3 to 5 years for potted plants.

     

    It seems that potted plants will bear fruit earlier.

     

     

     

     

    In other words,

     

    rather than leaving the next generation (future),

     

    priority is given to raising oneself (now).

     

     

     

     

    When the roots can not grow,

     

    Lemon starts to leave the next generation

     

    rather than raising itself.

     

     

     

    Do you mean ...

     

     

    Can you not find a way to give priority to producing fruits,

     

    even in the case of garden seedlings,

     

    using this idea?

     

     

     

     

    ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

     

     

     

    Potted lemon purchased in 2017.

     

    I will describe the situation after that.

     

     

     

    The article at the time of purchase is here.here

     

    At the time of purchase, the seedling had four fruits.

     

     

     

     

    Then, the state when it is replanted in a 20 liter pot is here.here

     

    The culture soil was in the pot for over 30 liters.

     

     

     

     

    We raised it and harvested four fruits in 2017.

     

    How many fruits can I harvest this year?

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    The state of May 12, 2018 is here.here

     

    A lot of flowers bloomed and became a fruit.

     

     

    I could not grow all the fruits,

     

    so I picked up about 30 at this point and watched it.

     

     

     

     

    After that,

     

    I was careful to be one fruit in one branch,

     

    and left a fruit that seemed to be healthy.

     

     

     

     

    Currently, 11 fruits remain.

     

     

     

     

    Size of lemon seedlings purchased in 2017.

     

    About 60 cm in height from the top of the pot soil.

     

     

    Size of lemon seedlings in 2018.

     

    About 70 cm in height from the top of the pot soil.

     

     

     

     

    Although they are growing a little,

     

    it is possible to think that they are almost the same.

     

     

     

     

    So,

     

    should we have four to five fruits this year too?

     

     

     

     

    How many fruits can I harvest?

     

    How big can I grow?

     

    Or,

     

    If I leave it as it is, when will the fruit fall?

     

     

     

     

    Let's leave it as it is and test it.

     

    I thought so, but I could not do so . 

     

     

     

     

    👉 Disadvantages of not picking fruits

     

     

     The fruit is small and the juice is little.

     

    ◆The trees become weak and the yield of the following year decreases.

     

      It also causes biennial bearing .

     

     

     

    However, in consideration of the above disadvantages,

     

    I decided to pick fruits a little more.

     

     

     

     

    Then,

     

    When?

     

    How much?

     

    Should I pick fruits?

     

     

     

     

     

    👉 The appropriate period is August

     

     

    The sooner you thinning out the fruit,

     

    the less the trees lose their nutrition.

     

    However, since there is a possibility that the fruit will fall until July,

     

    it seems better to start picking from the beginning of August when the fruit will not fall,

     

    and finish it in the month.

     

     

     

     

    👉 One fruit per 20-30 leaves

     

     

    As for the appropriate amount, it seems that this is a standard.

     

    However, even potted lemons are hard to count the number of leaves.

     

     

    In addition, it seems that even a few leaves may lead to the harvest of fruits,

     

    so we would like to use this standard as a guide,

     

    and we would like to thinning out the fruits so that the fruits are large and beautiful.

     

     

    If it says with the lemon which is planted with my 20 liter pot,

     

    will it be about 5 to 10 fruit number?

     

     

     

     

    In that sense, I thinning out a lot of fruits,

     

    and leaving one or two in one branch.

     

    It was judged by the size and color of the fruit.

     

    Currently 11 pieces.

     

     

     

     

    I will grow it until August in this state.

     

    I look at the condition of the tree in August,

     

    and I would like to thinning out the fruits.

     

     

     

     

    One fruit per branch.

     

    However, there are branches that still have two fruits.

     

     

     

     

    There are two branches that leave two fruits.

     

    I pray that the seedlings grow well!

     

     

     

     

    By the way,

     

    although the potted lemon is grown well,

     

    the garden planted lemon is in poor condition.

     

     

     

     

    Last year,

     

    I could not harvest fruit from the lemon planted in the garden.

     

    The fruit just before it fell last year is here.

     

     

     

     

    And

     

    here is the last one fruit left now.

     

     

     

     

     

    Are lemon fruits grown to the same size as they dropped last year?

     

    It does not look inferior to the current potted lemon fruits.

     

    I hope I can reach the harvest even with only one! 

     

     

     

     

    By the way,

     

    I took measures this year to prevent the garden planting lemon from falling off.

     

     

     I cut off the tip of the branch so that the tree would not grow any more.

     

    ◆I cut off the branch that seems to be crowded in the future.

     

     Dig up the soil. (I send oxygen to the root)

     

    ぁOrganize the surrounding trees. (Improved ventilation)

     

    ァFertilization of chemical fertilizers.

     

     

     

    The article at that time is here

     

     

    It doesn't go very well.

     

     

    ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

     

     

     

    October 28, 2018 (Sun)

     

     

    This is the article when I first harvested lemon.

     

     

     

     

     

    It is a lemon fruit made of a sapling planted by myself.

     

    In 2015, I bought seedlings of lemon and planted them, 3 years of hardship.

     

     

    The flowers are scattered soon.

    The leaves turn yellow and scatter.

    The fruits do not grow and fall.

     

     

    Is it really time to harvest lemon fruits someday?

     

    Even if that day will come someday ...

     

    When can we harvest? I felt I needed a fairly long time.

     

     

    It was days I spent with such anxiety.

    (As a result, I harvested lemon in 3 years... 

     

     

     

    「Oh, it was no good again this year.」

     

    As I thought so, the fruits fell again this year.

     

    There are many imperfect flowers and fruits do not grow easily.

     

     

     

    Under such circumstances, only one fruit remained.

     

    I was worried about when the fruits would fall,

     

    but one of the fruits did not fall,

     

    and I was finally able to reach this day.

     

     

     

     

    I tried to keep the growth record of lemon every month from August, 2017.

     

    What kind of treatment did I deal with when lemon became bad?

     

    An article I wrote down a little ishere」.

     

     

     

     

    Then, in July 2017, I bought a new potted lemon seedling.

     

    The seedling had four fruits.

     

    The article at that time ishere.

     

    That year, I successfully harvested four fruits.

     

     

    But the fruits are the fruits grown by professionals.

     

    The following year, I do not know if lemon fruit will grow as well.

     

    It is possible that the tree is tired and there will be no fruit in the next year.

     

     

     

    This year, eight fruits were left in the potted lemon and the others were picked.

     

    Article when we examined to thinning out the fruit ishere」.

     

     

     

    As a result, all eight of them grew up well.

     

     

     

    My bowl is a 20 l bowl.

     

    If it is expected that next year's fruit will be produced in the same way, 

     

    it can be said that eight fruits in a 20-liter bowl are fine.

     

    (If I was forced to produce fruit in lemon seedlings, it would not produce as in this year),

     

     

     

     

     

    Of the eight fruits, I left one without cutting it.

     

    It is the lemon that was getting the most yellow.

     

     

    Compared to green lemons,

     

    yellow lemons taste a bit smoother, but more juicy.

     

    In order to taste the yellow lemon, I left one fruit.

     

     

     

     

    How much fruit was ...

     

    Keep a record of size and weight.

     

     

     

    Garden planting lemon was the largest.

     

    Vertical 9.0僉◆width 8.4僉◆weight 200g

     

     

     

    Smallest fruit among 7 potted lemons

     

    Vertical 6.5僉◆width 6.0僉◆weight 120g

     

     

    Largest fruit among 7 potted lemons

     

    Vertical 8.8僉◆width 7.3僉◆weight 182g

     

     

    *Because it was difficult to measure the length, it is not accurate.

     

     

     

     

    Both color and gloss seem to be in good condition.

     

    As a lemon, it looks too round.

     

     

    My potted lemon is a Ground lemon (a combination of orange and lemon). I thought last year that it was round because it was a Ground lemon. However, my garden plant lemon is a Lisbon lemon, and Lisbon lemons should not be round.

     

     

     

    I cut it in half.

     

     

     

     

    The upper side is Lisbon lemon (garden planted lemon),

     

    The lower side is the ground lemon (potted lemon).

     

     

    Ground lemon is thin and soft.

     

    I felt that I was peeling orange peel instead of lemon.

     

     

     

    Anyway,

     

    the garden-planted lemon and the potted lemon are both so round

     

    and the fruits are also of a great size! !

     

     

     

    It was a satisfying fruit. 

     

    From next year onwards,

     

    I would like to encourage further improvement in quality.

     

     

     

     

     

    ゆるキャラ凸 デコメ

     

     

     

     

     

     

    So what will I do with these lemons?

     

    Of course, I make lemon mix juice! !

     

    Let's collect the ingredients!

     

     

     

     

    I bought an apple.

     

    I bought a scratched apple because it was for juice.

     

    However, it was a delicious-looking apple with a great smell! !

     

     

     

     

    And then···

     

     

    It is a "cat cup" cookie!

     

    Don't miss it.

     

     

     

     

    The ingredients are ready.

     

     

    The green one at the top of the photo is the peeled skin.

     

    Naturally, no pesticides. Also, the nutritional value is high.

     

    It would be a waste to throw it away.

     

    Finally, grate the skin.

     

     

     

    By the way,

     

    the ingredients shown in this photo are two lemons and four apples.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    The eldest son said,

     

    "It's a little sweet. If you taste more lemon ...".

     

     

    My grandfather and my wife said, "It's delicious!"

     

     

    I have one vote for the eldest son.

     

    Next time, I will try to make two apples and three apples. 

     

     

     

     

    The eldest son came down

     

    when it was time to prepare the ingredients and put it on the juicer.

     

    It's like a break!

     

     

     

    「Please put some ingredients in the slow juicer!」

     

    With that, it became possible to shoot videos. ^^

     

     

     

    If you have time for about 3 and a half minutes,

     

    please take a look.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Well, I made a juice.

     

    After that, mix honey to make it a little darker.

     

     

     

    And finally it is the finish.

     

    It is a turn of "cat cup"!

     

     

     

     

    It is made to be caught at the point of the mouth.

     

    It is very cute.

     

     

     

     

    Finally···

     

    I smashed the lemon peel with a slow juicer.

     

     

     

     

    I thought that there was considerable bitterness ...

     

    It has a little bitter taste, but it seems to be delicious enough.

     

     

    Let's mix it with juice little by little and drink it! !

     

     

    And then···

     

    Pack the remaining skin and seeds into the net and take a bath or use as a detergent instead.

     

     

     

    ( ^ω^)・・・

     

     

     

    Lemon fruit, I picked itーーー!

     

     

     

     

    Next year,

     

    I pray for more harvest! !

     

     

     

     

    Lemon fruit, I picked itーーー!

     

     

     

     

     

    ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

     

     

     

     

     

    👉 「How to grow lemon」is my Blog posts.

     

     

    If you have time, please read through! !

     

     

    「How to grow a lemon. While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.」

     

     

     

     

     

     

    ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

     

     

     

    I can also exert myself、

     

     

    if you push this banner!! 

     

     

    ( my dog, namely KORO )

     

     

     

    Thank you.          おじぎ の画像

     

     

    顔だよ。困る

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    2018.03.02 Friday

    I tried to grow a lemon from a cutting! I also tried to record the growth after that!

    0

      JUGEMテーマ:家庭

       

       

       


      I tried to grow a lemon from a cutting!

       

      I also tried to record the growth after that!


       

       

       

       

      「MOMOKURISANNEN KAKIHACHINEN」 It is a Japanese famous proverb.

       

      "Peaches and chestnuts take 3 years to produce fruit, persimmon takes 8 years."

       

      is what it means.

       

      That is, ” it often takes time to bear the fruit of one’s actions .“

       

       

       

      In the continuation of this proverb,

       

      there is the word "Yuzu takes nine years for many flowers to bloom".

       

      In other words, Yuzu means that it is necessary for nine years to produce fruit.

       

       

       

      Well, when did I plant "Yuzu" in my garden?

       

      I did not remember well.

       

       

      I asked my wife.

       

      My wife replied,

       

      "When you went to a shop selling seedlings and flowers a few years ago,

       

      you should have bought impulses."

       

       

       

       

      I did not make it clear,

       

      but I think that about ten years have passed since planting Yuzu.

       

       

      I bought without thinking anything and I planted Yuzu without thinking anything.

       

      Is it because of that?

       

      I do not remember whether Yuzu's tree had fruit thereafter. 

       

       

      I guess that was indifferent.

       

      Originally I am such a human being.

       

       

       

      However, I remember one.

       

      Last year, four to five pieces became fruit.

       

      I tried to eat it when the skin color was green.

       

      At that time, I was taught that "Yuzu is taken after the skin turns yellow."

       

       

       

      「Yuzu did not produce fruits for roughly ten years. And last time,

       

       Yuzu bear fruit last year.」 

       

      Was it that thing?

       

       

       

      I did not remember enough that I was planting Yuzu,

       

      and I did something very rude to Yuzu. 

       

      In comparison with Lemon, I began to be aware of Yuzu's existence. しょんぼり

       

       

       

       

      Because of that,

       

      I tried again to compare the trunk of Yuzu with the trunk of lemon.

       

       

      < The trunk of lemon >



       

       

      < The trunk of Yuzu >

       

       

       

      The approaching degree when photographing is slightly different,

       

      but the trunk of yuzu is growing thicker as a matter of course.

       

       

      Also, it seems that this is due to the difference in type,

       

      but it seems that the roots are separated and firmly sticking to the ground.

       

      I do not think that I will support Yuzu's trunk with an iron bar like a lemon.

       

       

       

      It is said that it takes a considerable amount of time for lemon to bear many fruits

       

      from branches of various heights ...

       

       

       

      If this lemon tree becomes useless...

       

       

       

      If it is hurt by a longhorn beetle,

       

      or if cold correspondence is not enough ...

       

       

      Possible ...

       

       

       

       

      I decided to prepare for the unexpected situation.

       

      Increase lemon trees.

       

      It is necessary for several years if it responds after it becomes useless.

       

       

       

      Then, which is better with garden planting and potted planting?

       

      It seems there are merits and demerits in each, so I wanted to try potting as well.

       

       

       

      There were other arrangements too ...

       

      I worked in the garden for about 3 hours.

       

      I worked around 12: 30 ~ 15: 30.

       

      Hot time.

       

      A bit sad, ...

       

       

      1、I cut branches from the current lemon tree.

       

        I chose a branch that seems to be intertwined in the future,if I did not do anything.

       

       

       

       

       

      Branches of fresh feeling at the tip of the branch and soft branches under extension

       

      seem not to be suitable because they tend to decay after cutting.

       

      It seems that it is better to use the one where the growth of branches ceased

       

      and the leaves developed and settled ...

       

       

       

      However, as I said above,

       

      I took out branches that would be tangled if the branches stretched like this and used them.

       

      Will roots grow properly?

       

       

       

      2、I made this branch 10 to 15 cm in length.

       

        And cut the lower half of the branch.

       

        Next, cut the remaining leaves in half.

       

        (To suppress evaporation)

       

       

       

       

       

       

      Short branches were made,

       

      but I decided not to throw it away so as to figure out what happens.

       

       

       

      3、I soaked this branch in a bucket filled with water.

       

        I tried to soak for about 1 hour.

       

       






      4、I pulled a branch out of the water and cut the lower tip of the branch diagonally. 

       

        To increase the cross sectional area and increase the water supply volume,

       

        and to expand the area where the roots come out.

       

       

       



      5、Root promoter was attached to the cut lower tip.

       

       

       




      住友化学園芸 さし木の発根促進剤!ルートン 15g入【ガーデニング・園芸・肥料】【農薬】
       

       

       

      6、I put soil dedicated to sowing and planted the branch in the soil.

       

       

       


       

       

       

       






      丸石:花ごころ さし芽種まきの土 12L MI1723

       

       

      When inserting, in order to prevent the rooting promoter from being removed,

       

      the hole was dug and the branch was inserted and covered with soil.

       

      Then I did the water, but the soil was not solid, the branches tilted,

       

      so I watered it while holding the branches with my hand.

       

       

       

      It seems good to put in a place where wind is hard to hit and sunshine is low,

       

      so I put it in the shade of the front door.

       

      From now on, I will try not to forget watering every morning and evening.

       

       

       

      It is about 2 months from now.

       

      Also, pleasure has increased.

       

       

       

       


      Surely, surely,

       

      I hope the root grows ...

       

       

       

       

       

      Next article in this article,

       

      「Cutting of lemon 42 days after・・・」

       

      is here.

       

       

       

       

       

      👉 「How to grow lemon」is my Blog posts.

       

       

      If you have time, please read through! !

       

       

      「How to grow a lemon. While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.」

       

       

       

       

       

       

      ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

       

       

       

      I can also exert myself、

       

       

      if you push this banner!! 

       

       

      ( my dog, namely KORO )

       

       

       

      Thank you.          おじぎ の画像

       

       

      顔だよ。困る

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      2018.02.11 Sunday

      Yuzu, or flower Yuzu? There were kinds in Yuzu! What kind of Yuzu is my yuzu?

      0

        JUGEMテーマ:家庭

         

         

         


        Yuzu, or flower Yuzu?

         

         There were kinds in Yuzu!

         

             What kind of Yuzu is my yuzu?


         

         

         

        Yuzu fruit has turned yellow in color.

         

         

         

        The lemon color still has a little green,

         

        but it became a color of Yuzu that can be said as "perfect yellow".

         

         

         

        So, yesterday,

         

        I picked up the smallest fruit and put it in a shochu split.

         

         

         

        Very good fragrance and juice that seems to be really tasty.

         

        It is completely different from "Pokka lemon" always put in! 

         

         

         

        "This is delicious! I want to drink many cups!"

         

         

        (Pokka lemon is also delicious ^^;)

         

         

        ・・・・・・・・・・・

         

         

        The doubts gnawed at me.

         

        Do I really know the taste?

         

         

        Until now, Yuzu was a fruit somehow planted in the garden.

         

        However, Yuzu has been subject to blog since May this year. 

         

         

        About half a year, I have watched the yuzu day after day observing and growing up.

         

        If the leaves turn yellow, I am worried, so I did fertilizer.

         

        If flowers bloom, I was delighted,

         

        and I was delighted if fruits were attached.

         

        There is no doubt that an enormous attachment has been born.

         

         

         

        That's why I felt delicious?

         

         

         

        Or was it really delicious as the fruits were fully ripening while becoming trees?

         

         

         

        My second son was impressed.

         

        「This shochu is very delicious! !」

         

         

        ・・・

         

        He is a senior in high school.

         

        He is a preparatory student.

         

        Parents are bad・・・

         

        This is between us, okay?

         

        ・・・

         

         

        He usually does not drink at all.

         

        Shochu・・・ ^^;

         

        It seems that it is not tasty.

         

        Why are you going to drink like this?  As much as asking.

         

         

        However, the shochu containing Yuzu harvested at our home seems to be very delicious.

         

         

         

         

         

        Is there anything more than my attachment I feel?

         

         

         

         

        With that thought, I thought about looking for another Yuzu and trying to compare the difference in taste.

         

        I do not know where Yuzu is sold.

         

        Even on Saturday, let's go looking.

         

         

         

        Thinking about that,

         

        when searching on the net,

         

        I was concerned about the size of the fruit.

         

         

         

        The size of Yuzu is about oranges.

         

        The size of flower Yuzu is about ping-pong ball.

         

         

         

        My Yuzu is the biggest one, but its width is about 5.2 cm.

         

        Ping-pong ball · · ·

         

         

         

         

        eh?  My Yuzu is not Yuzu???

         

         

         

        November 3rd. Yuzu photographed during the day.

         

         

         

        It is Yuzu which took a picture right now.

         

         

         

         

         

        Embarrassingly, I learned the existence of flower Yuzu for the first time.

         

         

         

        If Yuzu was placed in front of me,

         

        I could only recognize the difference in degree,

         

        whether it was a big Yuzu or a small Yuzu.

         

         

         

        I thought that Yuzu, = Yuzu.

         

        It was sad.

         

         

        I instinctively told my wife.

         

        Apparently, my Yuzu seems to be a flower Yuzu ...

         

         

        What is it?

         

         

        I always thought that it was Yuzu and raised it ...

         

         

         

         

        My wife murmured.

         

        「Which Yuzu is it OK・・・」

         

        「Because it was delicious・・・」

         

         

         

        ・・・・・・・・・・・・

         

         

        Which Yuzu is it OK。。。

         

         

        Well, maybe so・・・

         

         

         

        But, I kind of think like this.

         

        Though I thought that it was "Dorcus hopei binodulosus(Ookuwagata)" and grow larvae, in fact, it would be like Dorcus rectus(Kokuwagata) "...

         

         

         

        Something little loneliness will come in ...

         

         

         

         

         

        There was nothing I could do if it was about two months ago.

         

         

        However, by a remote possibility, now ...

         

         

        "Is this Yuzu or Flower Yuzu?"

         

        I thought it might be taught so I took up it in today's article.

         

         

         

         

         

        I feel a bit scary...

         

        After all, it seems like either way ...

         

         

         

        Let's go to the supermarket this weekend.

         

        I would like to compare Yuzu's fruit juice by buying Yuzu.

         

         

         

         

         

         

        👉  A future story・・・

         

         

        I was able to tell which Yuzu is my Yuzu.

         

        A comment from that person (a friend of the blog) is here.

         

         

        「You came out smelling of roses. For shochu, flower Yuzu may fit exactly. Flower Yuzu has more fruit juice than Yuzu and smells soft. Because there are times when a soft scent is better than a scent that is too strong. Yuzu may be better to use Yuzu's peel to add a smell of cooking.

         

         

         

         

        Oh, I get it.

         

        If I think on the premise of eating directly,

         

        flower Yuzu is more juice,

         

        taste is "slightly",

         

        just that it is good!

         

         

         

         

        Later, I asked my friend to eat my flower Yuzu to confirm the taste of flower Yuzu.

         

        It was a response that compatibility with shochu was preeminent.

         

         

         

        When he put it in sake, it was very delicious.

         

        I have not tried it yet...

         

         

         

         

         

         

        👉 「How to grow lemon」is my Blog posts.

         

         

        If you have time, please read through! !

         

         

        「How to grow a lemon. While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.」

         

         

         

         

         

         

        👉 Various kinds of yuzu

         

         

        *Yuzu TADANISHIKI  4.5号pot

         

         

        [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

        果樹の苗/ユズ(柚子):タダニシキ(多田錦)4.5号ポット
        価格:1946円(税込、送料別) (2018/1/30時点)

         

         

         

         

        *Flower Yuzu large seedling 5th grade

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        *Lion Yuzu large seedling 3rd grade

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        *Kabosu 8号pot

         

         

        [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

        果樹の苗/鉢植え果樹 カボス8号鉢植え
        価格:9564円(税込、送料別) (2018/1/30時点)

         

         

         

         

         

        *Yuzu TADANISHIKI 3rd grade

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

         

         

         

        I can also exert myself、

         

         

        if you push this banner!! 

         

         

        ( my dog, namely KORO )

         

         

         

        Thank you.          おじぎ の画像

         

         

        顔だよ。困る

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        2018.01.22 Monday

        How to grow a lemon. While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.

        0

          JUGEMテーマ:家庭

           

           

           

           

           

           


           How to grow a lemon.

           

            While a beginner inspect

           

                       the cultivation method.

           


           

           

           

          〜 Introduction 〜

           

           

           

          Lemon flowers will fall.

          The attached fruits will fall.

          Leaves turn yellow and fall.

           

           

          Do I have to plow the soil?

          How about tailoring a lemon tree?

          How do I prune a lemon tree?

          How good is fertilizer?

          How can I protect it from pests and diseases?

           

           

           

          Various problems

           

          and various doubts.

           

           

           

          I actually tried it myself

          and

          tried to see what happened.

           

           

           

          In what condition now,

          What did you do,

          What was the outcome?

           

           

           

          I would like to continue verification

           

          until a satisfactory result is obtained.

           

           

           

           

           

          Please push the blue sentence in Index

           

          and read the airtcle.

           

           

           

           

           

          ■ Index

           

          1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

           

            Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.

           

          I went to Shimanami Kaido!

           

           

           

          2、The history of the lemon

           

          🔎 The first lemon

           

          🔎 A lemon came over to Japan.

           

           

           

          3、About how to grow a lemon.

           

            On the cultivation of the lemon.

           

          👉 Area suitable for the cultivation

             of the lemon

           

          👉 The tree bears fruit with one

           

          👉 Time is necessary before it bears a

             fruit for the first time

           

           

          How to buy young plants, various kinds

           

          👉 A stick seedling and large seedling

           

          👉 When should we buy a seedling?

           

          👉 How to choose good young plants

           

          ・「Nursery tree of lemon The various kinds」

           

           

           Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)

           

          👉 How much is the quantity of

           

             fertilization?

           

           a. requires a lot of manure

           

           b. organic quality compound fertilizer

           

             in about February

           

           c. almost same quantity

           

           d. method to sprinkle manure

           

          👉 Careful about manure desperation

           

          👉 The measurement of the acidity

           

          👉 Effective microorganisms

           

          The article,

           

          ・ 「I bought effective microorganisms (1)and molasses!」

           

          ・ 「I made EM manure!」

           

          ・ 「I made EM wash!」 

           

          ・ 「I tried fertilizer in November!」 

           

          ・ 「I surround organic quality compound fertilizer in about February

                  (initial fertilization).」 

           

          Watering

           

           

          Do you plant a lemon in the garden?

           

            Or,is it a potted plant?

           

          ・ Easy to bear a fruit by a potted plant

           

           

          ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden

           

          👉 Proper time for plantation

           

          👉 Place to plant a seedling

           

          👉 Plantation

           

          👉 How to fix forms of the tree

           

           

          АHow to plant a lemon in pots

           

          👉 Proper time for plantation

           

          👉 A large seedling is suitable for a potted plant

           

          👉 Various bowls

           

          👉 Soil to use

           

          👉 Plantation methods

           

           

          How to transplant a lemon into a bowl

           

          👉 Article of the transplantation that I tried.

           

           

           Care for flower and bud

           

            (I work on pollination)

           

          👉 About pollination

           

          👉 Care for flower and bud

           

          ・Physiological fruit drop (June drop)

           

          ・Biennial bearing

           

          ・Incomplete flowers bloom

           

          ・The article「Finally blooming flowers!」

           

          ・The article「I tried picking fruits of lemon of potted plants.」

           

           

           Cutting of the lemon

           

          ・The article 「I tried cutting with lemon!」

           

          ・The article 「Cutting of lemon 54 days later... 」

           

           

           Grafted tree of the lemon

           

          👉 "Karatachi" often used as a rootstock of lemon

           

          ・ The article 「Grafting of lemon. I will try a multi-kind joint with one lemon tree!」

           

          ・ The article 「I tried grafting on a lemon tree. Challenge for many kinds of joints!」

           

           

           The pruning of the lemon

           

          👉 Purpose of pruning

           

          👉 Pruning lemon Suitable period · · · February - March

           a. Reduce the spread of trees

           b. Cut out unnecessary branches

           c. Cut the tip of a long branch

           

          👉 Characteristics of spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch

                 and Pruning in summer

           

          👉 After pruning, apply a fusion accelerator

           

          ・The article「I tried pruning!」

           

          ・The article which is summarizing pruning articles and updating

           「To improve the fruit of next year!」

           

           

           Cold measures

           

          👉 Measures against cold of lemon in the garden

           

          👉 Measures against cold of potted lemon

           

          ・The article 「the measures against cold!」

           

           

           Lemon cultivation and insects

           

          ・ Ladybug

          ・ Mantis

          ・ larvaes of green lacewing

          ・ Hover fly(Adults and larvae)

          ・ Spider

          ・ Tree frog

          ・ Pillbug

          ・ Earwigs

           

           

           

          、Pest of the lemon

           

           Coccoidea

           

          Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

           

           Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)

           

          Bell moth

           

          Aphid

           

          ΑSpider Mite

           

          АLonghorn beetle

           

          Thrips

           

           

           

          、Disease of the lemon

           

           Melanose

           

          Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

           

           Elsinoë fawcettii

           

          Gray mold

           

          Cercospora leaf mold

           

          👉 Painted Polymita eats it

           

           

           

          、Diagnosis due to the symptom

           

           A leaf is yellow

           

          👉 Leaf photos by type of disease

           

           

          The spots of the leaf is yellow

           

          👉 Five elements of fertilizer

             a. Nitrogen

             b. Phosphoric acid

             c. Potassium

             d. Calcium (lime)

             e. Magnesium

           

          👉 About immediate / slow release chemical fertilizer.

           

          👉 Lemon leaves turned yellow, so I applied dolomitic lime.

           

           

           Flowers falls

           

            (flowers do not bloom)

           

          ぁThe fruit drops

           

           

          👉 Saplings are too young.

           

          👉 There is a problem with daily management.

           

          👉 Nutrition was used too much to grow the branches.

           

          👉 Lemon could not pollinate.

           

          👉  A biennial bearing.

           

          👉 I pruned too much.

           

           

           

          Monthly work, monthly record

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

          I grow a lemon from now on.

           

           

          I want to update this blog each time.

           

           

          I am so glad if you read my article

           

           

          when you have some problems to grow.

           

           

           

           

          Thank you very much

           

          for reading this article today.

           

           

           

           

           

          Korolemon

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

          Please push the lower banner

           

          ( my pet namely KORO )

           

          if you think that

           

          this article is even a little interesting.

           

           

           

          Then I can do my best from now on

           

          because a ranking of the blog may rise!

           

           

           

          I will be grateful for any help

           

          you can provide.    おじぎ の画像

           

           

           

           

           


          にほんブログ村

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

           

          2018.01.07 Sunday

          How to prune lemon tree. To improve the fruit of next year!

          0

            JUGEMテーマ:家庭

             

             

             

             

            〜 How to prune lemon tree. 〜

             

                To improve the fruit of next year!

             

             

             

             

            1、Purpose of pruning lemon trees

             

             

            Pruning is to cut branches and arrange the shape of wood.

             

             Make the tree compact.

             

            Improve sunshine and ventilation and reduce pest and disease damage.

             

             Make the fruits easy to attach the following year.

             

             

            It has the effect as above.

             

             

             

            Citrus tree is strong against pruning, it seems that it will hardly die even if it fails a bit, so let's actively challenge!

             

             

             

             

            2、The optimum period of pruning lemon  ⇒ February - March

             

             

            The optimum period of pruning is from late February to late March where the growth of branches and leaves becomes moderate and the influence of cold is also less.

             

             

             

            The contents of pruning are as follows for both garden plant and potted plant.

             

             

             

             Reduce the spread of trees.

             

             

            If you want to reduce the height of the tree and the spread to the side and want to make it compact, decide the rough shape of the tree and cut the thick branch with a saw etc.

             

             

             

            If you want to trains lemon trees in the shape of HENSOKUSHUKAN, pruning the trees after the fourth year and stopping the core.

             

             

             

            In order to suppress the height of the tree, cutting a long branch halfway, a longer branch will occur the following year.

             

             

             

            Also, it is important to completely cut all parts where branches are divided.

            If some branches are left, the remaining part (protruding part) withers and there is a possibility that it will wither to an important part.

             

             

             

            Attention should also be paid to the amount of cutting branches.

             

             

             

            By pruning once a year, if you lower suddenly the tree height, only the thick and long branches are generated from the vicinity of the cut in the following year. Moreover, the fruits are less likely to live for several years.

             

             

            So, the height to be devalued in one year will be about 50 cm and will be gradually lowered in 2 to 3 year plan.

             

             

             

             

            ◆Cut off unnecessary branches
             

             

            After the work of " Reducing tree spread" is completed, next unnecessary branches are cut off.

             

             

             

            However, if you cut too many branches, fruit of that year will decrease, besides, long and thick branches will occur in the pruned year, and fruits will decrease after the next year, so be careful.

             

             

             

            The upper limit is to cut off 10% to 30% of the entire branches, so that the leaves touch lightly.

            Also, here we need to preferentially cut out branches that are unlikely to produce fruit in the pruned year. Branches that have become fruit this season, summer branches and autumn branches tend to have less fruit. So we cut those branches preferentially.

             

             

             

            Spring branches that do not have traces of fruit should be preferentially left.

             

             

             

             

             

             Truncate the tip of a long branch

             

             


            Choose only the long branches (over 25 cm) of the branches left after the work in ~ above and cut down about ⅓ of the tip. By truncating, many branches of appropriate length will occur in spring of pruned year

             

             

             

            Why are we cutting down only long branches because the long branches over 25 cm use most of the nutrition for the growth of the branches, so they do not attract much flower buds. By truncating it produces a full branch and fruits will be grown the following year.

             

             

             

            Conversely, if a branch that has not grown long is cut too much at its tip, the fruit will not be formed in the pruned year. Citrus flower buds bloom only near the tip of a branch. So be careful if you cut the branches too long, you will lose a lot of flower buds. 

             

             

             

             

            3、Characteristics of spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch

             

              and summer pruning

             

             

             

            Citrus branches are roughly divided into spring branches extending from March to June, summer branches extending from June to August, and autumn branches extending from August to October.

             

             

             

            Fruit sticks to spring branch in that year. Even spring branches that did not produce fruits will be useful because they will bloom in the following year and produce fruits. 

             

             

             

            Because summer branches tend to become long branches, only a few flowers and fruits will be formed even in the next spring.

             

             

             

            Because autumn branches have poor growth, they do not almost bloom.

             

             

             

            Since both the summer branch and the autumn branch are unnecessary, at the same time as it was born, cut it from the base. (Pruning in summer)

             

             

             

            It is difficult to distinguish spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch in pruning time of March, and experience is necessary.

             

             

             

            Please be aware that summer branches grow to over 25 cm and the cross section of summer branches and autumn branches tends to be triangular.

             

             

             

             

            4、After pruning, apply a fusion accelerator

             

             

            When the above steps to are completed, apply a fusion accelerator to the incision to prevent withering by pruning and invasion of pathogens.

             

            (You can apply a fusion accelerator while cutting.)

             

             

             

            The fusion accelerator is a pasty liquid in which a disinfectant has been kneaded. The fusion accelerating agent is gradually solidified when it is applied and comes into contact with air. 

             

             

             

            If you can not get it by all means, you can substitute woodworking adhesive.

             

             

             

            For those who are hard to apply to all cuts, it is better to preferentially apply to the part with a diameter of 1 cm or more. 

             

            *When it adheres to clothes etc, it is very hard to remove,

             so be careful not to touch it until it solidifies! !

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

            Here is an article that I tried pruning in practice!

             

            I pruned lemon!

             

            If you have time, please read through.

             

             

             

            ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

             

             

            A comment received at a later date!

             

             

            About withering by branching pruning.

             

             

            Also, it is important to cut all the parts where the branches are divided. If you do not cut off everything from the branches (leave a branch a little), the leftover part withers and its deadness may spread to the trunk as well.

             

             

            There are many people who do not know well about this attention of pruning. 

             

             

            The branch part that left a little leaves the path of nutrients and there is no leaf naturally so you can not accumulate assimilation nutrients.

             

             

             

            There is attention with pruning of lemon.

             

             

            Lemon is introvert.

             

            There is a habit of attaching fruits to thin inner branches.

             

            When pruning the lemon, please also leave thin inner branches

             

             

             

            This is what I learned for the first time.

             

            I was cutting the thin inner branch during pruning.

            To make it well-ventilated.

             

             

            I would like to pay attention to it.

             

             

             

             

             

            I summarized how to grow lemon.

             

            「How to grow a lemon.」

             

            You can read it, Here」!!

             

             

             

             

            ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

             

             

             

             

             

            Please push the lower banner

             

            ( my pet namely KORO )

             

            if you think that

             

            this article is even a little interesting.

             

             

             

            Then I can do my best from now on

             

            because a ranking of the blog may rise!

             

             

             

            I will be grateful for any help

             

            you can provide.    おじぎ の画像

             

             

             

             

             


            にほんブログ村

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

             

            2018.01.03 Wednesday

            Part 3-2

            0

              JUGEMテーマ:家庭

               

               

               

               

              4、Pest of the lemon

               

               

               Coccoidea

               

               

               

               

              👉 What is a coccoidea?

               

              Coccoidea is the same classification as cicadas, aphids, stink bugs etc. The proliferation becomes popular in the spring warming May - July, and it gets dormant when the winter cold season comes. Coccoidea prefer dark and narrow environments where winds do not pass much and are dusty. So, when branches get crowded, cut the branches so that the wind passes well. Also, let the sun come into contact with the inside.

               

               

               

              The coccoideas are small insects about 2 - 10 mm in length, inserting their mouths into leaves and stems, sucking sap and growing. Moreover, it does not move almost after parasitic on plants.

               

               

               

              👉 If you leave the coccoideas・・

               

              There are direct damage and indirect damage. The direct damage is that the coccoideas attached to the trees impair the aesthetic appearance. And, the tree sap is sucked and has an adverse effect on the growth of the tree. When the number of parasitism is large, the way new treetops and new leaves get bad and sometimes wither.

               

               

               

              Indirect damage is that "soot disease" breeds on the excrement and the leaves turn black. In addition to deteriorating the aesthetic appearance, the photosynthesis which is important to plants is hindered and the growth becomes bad. In addition, it induces "Koyaku disease" that velvet-like objects seem to have adhered to the parasitic places of the branches.

               

               

               

              👉 Removal method

               

              ・When spraying lubricant emulsifiable concentrate etc. around January

                 it is possible to suppress occurrence of coccoidea.

               

               

              During larvae, pesticides etc. are effective because they cover nothing. Since larvae hatched from eggs are weak against drugs, they can also be exterminated with Ortran wettable powder, actelic emulsion and so on. It seems difficult to judge when larvae have appeared. Even if the appearance of the coccoidea can not be seen, it seems that even if it is sprayed at the rate of about 2 to 3 times a month from May to July as a guide, it will be no longer around August.

               

               

               

              ・Rub it off with a toothbrush.

               

              The more adults become, the more nutrition and excrement accumulates, the shell covers the body. As shells are made, the medicine becomes less effective, so it seems that the method of rubbing and dropping is effective. I rub it off with a toothbrush. Coccoidea peeled off from the branch leaves its mouth in the branch, so it can not be fed afterwards and dies.

               

               

               

               

              ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

               

               

               

               

              Perhaps it is the greatest enemy of lemon? The larvae have a strong appetite and eat leaves. If there are several larvae, they will eat most of the leaves of one branch in a short time. It goes without saying that a lot of leaves are necessary to raise lemon fruit. Also, if the number of leaves is small, the growth of trees is also hindered. It is good to remove it as soon as you find the larva. Special attention is required after adults have visited.

               

               

               

              As the larva grows the medicine becomes less effective. So it is basically to spray medicines early. If larvae of April - May and October are young, there will be little damage and seem to get rid of easily.

               

               

               

              If the lemon trees are big, even if the larva of the swallowtail butterfly is attached, it is eaten by the natural enemy, so it will not increase so much. So, it seems necessary to pay particular attention to the time of young trees.

               

               

               

               

               

               Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)

               

               

               

               

              👉 What is Ekakimushi (means Drawing insects) ?

               

              It is called alias "Ekakimushi" in order to leave a trace of food damage as if a larva of Leafminer or Agromyzidae drew a picture on a leaf. "Leafminer" attached to lemon is often "Citrus leafminer". And, when Citrus leafminer becomes a pupa, it folds the leaves and spends them.

               

               

               

              The damage of Citrus leafminer is often seen in the leaves of the shoots that occur after the summer. The leaves of the shoots that occur in the spring are hardly damaged. It seems to be because it is before the temperature rises.

               

               

               

              Citrus leafminer, as adults, will cross the winter at the back of the leaves or between the bark. The following reasons are cited as reasons for less damage on branches and leaves of spring. It seems that it is said that it is because the survival rate is low because it dies in cold during overwinter or because it is eaten by something.

               

               

               

              👉 Damage to Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)

               

              By being eaten by Citrus leafminer, trees will never die. However, the shape of the leaves may be distorted, causing fallen leaves, poor growth. If you do not take care of it, damage will spread quickly. On the other hand, there is also a statement that "Most of the orange farmers do not exterminate the citrus leafminer, leaving them alone." This seems to be because there is little damage to the spring branch where the fruit is growing, and it is trying to stretch only the spring branch.

               

               

               

              👉 Removal method

               

              Because ekkimushi is inside the epidermal tissue of leaves, pesticides are hard to be effective. Because there are larvae at the tip of the traces of eating, we crush and kill that part with fingers, tweezers etc etc.

               

               

               

               

              <Cultivar control method>

               

              ◆Remove unnecessary summer and autumn branches.

               

               

               

              <Drug control method>

               

              ◆Control with mospiran water solvent or Admire flowable etc. every 2 weeks.

               

              ◆For young trees, distribute Akutara water solvent 25 times solution etc. to the main trunk.

               

               

               

               

              Besides this, it seems that there are such things as Calphos emulsion (isoxathione), Spinoose Flowable (Spinosad, wettable powder), Mospiran water solvent (Acetamiprid), Elsan emulsion (PAP) etc that are often used to Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi).

               

               

               

               

               

               

              ぁBell moth

               

               

               

               

              👉 What is Bell moth? (Hamakimushi)

               

               

              Hamakimushi is a larva of the bell moth. Representative bell moth are Homona magnanima, Adoxophyes orana etc. Roll the leaves with threads that they put out, live in it, and eat leaves and sprouts. Repeated occurrences 4-5 times a year, adults and larvae always occur between April and October.

               

               

               

              👉 Damage of Bell moth

               

              Bell moth rolls leaves, it eats leaves and sprouts together. Also, beauty is also impaired.

               

               

               

              👉 Removal method

               

              Crush the larvae in the rolled leaves and get rid of them. It is also effective to crush larvae wrapped in leaves during the inactive winter.

               

               

              When using medicine, periodically spray Sumithione emulsion, Oltrran solution / wettable powder, marathon emulsion etc. once or twice a month at the time of occurrence in April to October.

               

               

               

               

               

              ァAphid

               

               

               

               

              👉 What is aphids?

               

              Aphids parasitic on new plant buds and new branches and leaves behind, and sucking nutrients in plants. There are so many kinds, there are more than 700 kinds. Aphids are representative pests parasitic on plants. Since aphids occur in large quantities and harm plants, the damage can not be ignored and the growth of plants becomes markedly worse.

               

               

               

              There is a period of breeding only by females, and when the spawning season comes, males appear, mate eggs and overwinter with eggs. Especially in the early spring, breeding is remarkable, it occurs extensively. In the breeding season, female adults directly bred several female larvae to several to tens of larvae a day. Moreover, since larvae become adults in a few days, even if there is only one, there will be a great many numbers in a few days.

               

               

               

              Because aphids are weak against heat, they are not seen much in the summer. In the beginning of the summer, aphids with wings are born and moved to another place. In autumn it will return and repeat breeding.

               

               

               

              👉 Damage by aphids

               

              Aphids suck and damage plants juice. As a result, new leaves do not spread sufficiently, growth of stems is compromised, and growth becomes worse. As representative damage, growth of new buds shrinks, leaves are rolling, etc. When the winged aphid that has inhaled the juice of the plant infected with the viral disease moves to the next healthy plant and sucks the juice, the virus invades and infects. In addition, "Cercospora leaf mold(soot disease)" breeds on aphids excrement, leaves may become black.

               

               

               

              👉 Removal method

               

              Although many medicines work against aphids, it is effective to use a penetrating agent that is long lasting because aphids are vigorous breeding. If you want to get rid of aphids and other pests, orthranes are effective. Also, especially when removing aphids, "the best guard" and "Mosppran granules" that are effective about 1 to 2 months are good. We also recommend a convenient insecticidal fungicide "BENICA X series" that can prevent and treat diseases at once. For vegetables just before harvest, we will control with Benika mild spray using food ingredients. Since aphids are prone to occur under conditions of high nitrogen content, fertilizer should be discreet. Also, in places with good ventilation, fecundity will become dull, so it is effective to improve the sunlight and ventilation.

               

               

              It is also effective to release the ladybug which is a natural enemy of aphids. Ladybugs prey on aphids, both adults and larvae.

               

               

               

               

               

               

               

              ΑSpider Mite (Mikanhadani)

               

               

               

               

              👉 What is Spider Mite (Mikanhadani)?

               

              Spider mites are friends of spiders and have eight legs. The body length is about 0.5 mm and it is difficult to see with the naked eye. Adults lay eggs several times on the back of leaves every day. Larvae hatched in 2 to 3 days will be adults in about 10 days, so they will occur in large quantities in a short period of time. Adult worms do not have wings, so the range of action is not wide, but there is a habit of going up to high places, sometimes being carried away by the wind and being carried far. Spider mite prefers high temperature dry environment, it seems to be a peak of occurrence from around the rainy season to around September.

               

               

               

              👉 Damage to spider mites

               

              Spider mite pierces the mouth into the leaves and sucks the juice, so the tissue of that part is broken and it turns white. As a result, color dropouts appear on the leaves like small white spots. When it occurs frequently, the whole leaves become white and discolored, leaf falls and withers because photosynthesis can not be done. In general, damage to garden tree / fruit is not big, but it will impair aesthetic looks.

               

               

               

              👉 Removal method

               

              Because spider mite is easy to resist against drugs, eradication seems to be difficult.

               

               

               

               

              <Do not use drugs>

               

              It's difficult to discover because the body is small, but frequently it will be removed with adhesive tape etc. and rinsed off with water before the number increases.

               

               

               

              <Use drugs>

               

              *Winter control 

               

              It can suppress the increase of spider mites until mid - June. If it is 95%, it will be 40 times, if it is 97% it will make machine oil emulsion which is 80 times and it will be sprayed from late November to January.

               

               

               

              *Control when frequent occurrence 

               

              Spider mites are frequent from rainy season to around September. If occurrence of indigenous natural enemies is seen, we will skip control at this time. Sprinkle acaricide. Encourage repeated spraying to prevent the development of drug resistance.

               

               

               

              Drug・・・Kanemite, colomite, daniemon, machine oil, etc.

               

                          

               

               

               

               

               

               

               

              2018.01.01 Monday

              Part 3-1

              0

                JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 The pruning of the lemon

                 

                 

                👉 Purpose of pruning

                 

                Pruning is to cut branches and arrange the shape of wood.

                 

                 Make the tree compact.

                 Improve sunshine and ventilation,

                  Reduce pest damage.

                 Make the fruits easy to attach the following year.

                 

                There are effects such as.

                 

                 

                Citrus tree is strong against pruning, it seems that there is hardly anything to wither even if it fails a bit, so let's try hard and challenge!

                 

                 

                 

                 

                👉 Pruning lemon    Suitable period · · · February - March

                 

                 

                The suitable period of pruning is from late February to late March where the growth of branches and leaves becomes moderate and the influence of cold is also less.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                a. Reduce the spread of trees.

                 

                If you want to reduce the height of the tree and the spread to the side and want to make it compact, decide the rough shape of the tree and cut the thick branch with a saw etc. When tailoring the lemon tree to the shape of "Hensokushukankei", pruning will be done after the fourth year and the core will be stopped.

                 

                 

                 

                When suppressing the height of a tree, cutting a long branch halfway, a longer branch will occur the following year. So it is important to cut branches at the bifurcation, so do not cut branches in the middle.

                 

                 

                 

                Also, it is important to cut all the parts where the branches are divided. If you do not cut off everything from the branches(leave a branch a little), the leftover part withers and its deadness may spread to the trunk as well.

                 

                 

                 

                Attention should also be paid to the amount of cutting branches. By pruning once a year, if you lower suddenly the tree height, only the thick and long branches are generated from the vicinity of the cut in the following year. Also, it will be difficult for fruits to grow for several years. So, the height to be devalued in one year will be about 50 cm and will be gradually lowered by the 2 to 3 year plan.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                b. Cut out unnecessary branches

                 

                When "Reduce the spread of trees" is over, next time you cut off unnecessary branches. However, if too much branches are reduced, fruits will not be easy to produce in that year, and many long and thick branches will occur in the pruned year. Also, be careful as fruits may become difficult to produce after the following year. The upper limit is to cut off 10% to 30% of the entire branches, so that the leaves touch lightly.

                 

                 

                 

                At this time, it is necessary to cut branches that are not likely to have fruit preferentially in the pruned year. Branches where fruits were born in that year, and summer and autumn branches tend to have less fruit, so cut those branches preferentially. Branches that do not have traces of fruit within the spring branch will be left preferentially.

                 

                 

                 

                c. Cut the tip of a long branch

                 

                Choose only long branches (over 25 cm) out of the branches left after the processing of to above, and cut out about ⅓ of the tip. Cutting produces many branches of moderate length in the spring of the pruned year. The reason for cutting only long branches is that long branches longer than 25 cm use most of nutrition for branch growth, so flower buds do not attach much. Cutting produces a rich branch and fruits will be grown the following year.

                 

                 

                 

                Conversely, if you cut too long the tip of a branch that has not grown long, the fruit will not be available in the pruned year. Citrus flower buds grow only near the tip of a branch. So be careful when cutting branches too long, a lot of flower buds will disappear.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                👉 Characteristics of spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch

                 

                       and Pruning in summer

                 

                 

                Citrus branches are roughly divided into spring branches extending in March and June, summer branches extending from June to August, and autumn branches extending from August to October. Fruit is attached to the spring branch in that year. Even branches that did not attach are useful because the following year they will bloom and fruits will be attached. Because summer branches are easy to grow long, only a few flowers / fruits will be formed even in the next spring. The autumn branches do not bloom almost as they grow more poorly than the summer branches. 

                 

                 

                 

                Both the summer branch and autumn branch are unnecessary, so cut out from the base at the same time as it occurs as much as possible.

                 

                (Pruning in summer)

                 

                 

                 

                It is difficult to distinguish spring branch, summer branch, autumn branch in pruning time of March, and experience is necessary. Please be aware that summer branches grow to more than 25 cm and cross sections of summer branches and autumn branches tend to be triangles.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                👉 After pruning, apply a fusion accelerator

                 

                 

                When the above ~ work is finished, apply a fusion accelerator to the incision. It prevents branches from withering due to pruning, and also prevents intrusion of pathogenic bacteria. (You may paint while cutting) The fusion accelerator is a pasty liquid in which a disinfectant has been kneaded. The fusion accelerator is applied, it gradually solidifies when it touches the air.

                 

                 

                 

                If you can not get it by all means, you can substitute woodworking adhesive (bond etc). If it is difficult to apply to all the cuts, it is good to preferentially paint on the part where the diameter of the incision is 1 cm or more.

                 

                *It is hard to take when a fusion accelerator adheres to clothing etc, so be careful not to touch it

                 until it solidifies!

                 

                 

                 

                 

                I pruned in October.

                 

                That article isI tried pruning!.

                 

                 

                 

                An article which is summarizing pruning articles and updating is

                 

                To improve the fruit of next year!」.

                 

                 

                 

                 


                 Cold measures

                 

                 

                Lemon is weak against cold. Below minus 3 degrees, branches and leaves begin to wither, and it seems that sometimes it dies. Especially young trees less than 3rd grade are vulnerable to cold, so we will take sufficient cold measures.

                 

                 

                 

                👉 Measures against cold of lemon in the garden

                 

                 

                A lemon in the garden, as trees grow big it will take time and effort to deal with cold. It is better to grow in an area that does not fall below minus 3 degrees or to grow with potted plants. However, if the lowest temperature of the place of residence is close to minus 3 degrees Celsius or if severe cold waves come only for that year, we will take measures against the cold.

                 

                 

                a.Mulch the surface of the soil with 'straw' etc.

                 

                b.Wrap lemon trees with nonwoven fabric or the like.

                 

                c.Tie nonwoven fabric and the like with a string and fix.

                 

                d.If you are raising overwintering fruit, put a fruit bag on the fruit.

                 

                 

                 

                By the way, I checked the lowest temperature in Osaka.

                 

                 November 2016     6.4℃
                 December 2016     1.6℃
                 January 2017    −0.8℃
                 February 2017    −0.6℃
                 March 2017     1.8℃

                 

                 

                However, there are some differences depending on the data.

                 

                 


                👉 Measures against cold of potted lemon

                 

                 

                Potted lemon can move, so let's move the place inside a sunny room. However, when putting it on the outdoor or veranda because it can not move indoors. And when the lowest temperature is likely to be -3 degrees, we will take measures against the cold as shown below.

                 

                 

                 

                a.Put pots in a large pot two times larger than

                      that pot and put the soil between the bowl

                      and the bowl. This soil is for keeping warm

                      so you can use garden soil etc. Make it into

                      a double bowl state.

                 

                 

                b.As for the part of the tree, like a garden

                      planting, wind it with a white nonwoven fabric.

                      The cloth is white more easy to pass sunlight.

                      After winding the nonwoven fabric etc.,

                      ties it with a string and fix it.

                 

                 

                c.Even with this countermeasure, only 2 to 3

                      degrees of heat retention effect can be expected.

                      So, when the lowest temperature falls by more

                      than 5 degrees from minus 3 degrees, it seems

                      better to put potted plants inside.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                👉 The verification article on the measures against cold,here!!

                 

                 

                 

                 


                 Lemon cultivation and insects

                 

                 

                The orchard that is cultivating lemon without using pesticide, has the following points as a point of success.

                 

                 

                a.Use of blurred fertilizer

                b.Give EM fungus

                c.Use of beneficial insects

                d.Light pruning and fertilizing

                 

                 

                 

                If you do not use pesticides, they will be hit by pests or get sick. So, increase the number of good bacteria in the soil and leaves to reduce bad bacteria and reduce diseases etc. And we will use insects. It seems to be a way of having good insects eat bad insects (disinfect).

                 

                 

                 

                Even 3 - soil / fertilizer (EM fungus) of blog, I will explain this part. We are also verifying the effectiveness of EM bacteria. However, regarding the use of beneficial insects, my lemon cultivation is not house cultivation, so even if I capture beneficial insects, it will escape, so there are also difficult parts of using beneficial insects. I will keep an eye on the beneficial insects that have gathered with nature and I want to see the effect. I will introduce "insects and living things" who visited our family at the category "insect and creature" of my blog.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                <A lot of profitable insects>

                 

                 

                ・ Ladybug

                 

                 

                Ladybugs eat aphids. Ladybugs seems to eat 5 aphids in a day. Besides, there is also description that ladybugs also eat a coccoidea. However, even if it is said to be a ladybug, it seems to be a variety of carnivorous ladybugs, herbivorous ladybugs, and fungistrophic ladybugs that eat fungi. Herbivorous Ladybugs seem to be positioned as insect pests on the contrary. Also, ladybugs are not only adults, larvae are also beneficial insects. The larvae also eat a coccoidea and others.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                ・ Mantis

                 

                 

                Mantis eats a variety of insect pests, such as larvae of swallowtail butterfly, bell moth, aphids, coccoidea and mites. The mantis is a lifetime of several months after becoming an adult, and also the range of action is not so wide since it is several meters even if it often flew. Even my garden has laid eggs and will appear every year, so it may appear even if you leave a mantis alone when it appears once. In China, more than 1.8 million mantises were released and experimented "Mantis farming method" ...

                 

                 

                 

                 

                ・ larvaes of green lacewing

                 

                  Prey on aphids.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                ・ Hover fly(Adults and larvae)

                 

                  Prey on aphids.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                ・ Spider   Eat anything.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                ・ Tree frog  Beneficiaries and pests are also eaten.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                ・ Pillbug 

                 

                  Eat anything on the soil. It eats everything and decomposes,

                      so it seems that the state with many pillbugs is a good condition. 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                ・ Earwigs 

                  Earwigs eat pests falling on the ground.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                It is hard to find and capture beneficial insects. Therefore, there seems to be a way to plant herbs attracting beneficial insects together. There seems to be various herbs favoring beneficial insects such as nastatium for ladybugs, dill for spiders and green lacewings, lemon balm and coriander for bees.

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                 

                2017.12.18 Monday

                Part 2-2

                0

                  JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  АHow to plant a lemon in pots

                   

                   

                  👉 Proper time for plantation

                   

                   

                  Proper time to plant the young plant of

                   

                  the lemon is from the end of February to

                   

                  the end of March as same as a garden

                   

                  plant.

                   

                   

                   

                  In the case of a potted plant, we can

                   

                  carry a bowl to the room without

                   

                  influence of the cold at cold winter

                   

                  time.

                   

                  Therefore you may plant it from September

                   

                  to October.

                   

                   

                   

                  👉 A large seedling is suitable

                   

                    for a potted plant

                   

                   

                  A large seedling is suitable for a potted

                   

                  plant. This is because the large seedling

                   

                  can be grown as the bowl which it

                   

                  purchased, and the first fruition is

                   

                  earlier than a stick seedling.

                   

                   

                   

                  When we choose the large seedling, we

                   

                  should choose a young plant which is

                   

                  branching off equally from the plant

                   

                  foot treatment.

                   

                  Because the space where fruits grow

                   

                  increases and can finish it compactly.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  👉 Various bowls

                   

                   

                  We are divided into a plastic bowl, an

                   

                  unglazed bowl, an earthenware bowl by

                   

                  the difference in materials. There is the

                   

                  light, strong resin bowl. You should

                   

                  better to buy a light plastic bowl and

                   

                  resin bowl, because you may carry it to

                   

                  the room at the winter cold time.

                   

                  As a matter of course, the weight of the

                   

                  young plant and soil will be added to

                   

                  weight of bowl itself.

                   

                   

                   

                  An oblong bowl has a sense of stability

                   

                  than a tall bowl. If there is a bowl that

                   

                  the diameter of the bowl top is same as

                   

                  a bowl bottom, it has a sense of

                   

                  stability more.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  The design is important, too. But,we will

                   

                  image height and width of the future

                   

                  young plant. I recommend that you choose

                   

                  the bowl which "is hard to fall down".

                   

                   

                   

                  👉 Soil to use

                   

                   

                  A weed is easy to grow when we use the

                   

                  garden soil, and also, the drainage is

                   

                  not so good, too. The "soil for fruit

                   

                  tree" seems to be good if available.

                   

                  The acidity of this soil is ph5 .5-6.0,

                   

                  and you can just use it.

                   

                  When it is not available, you mix

                   

                  "the soil for vegetables" and Kanuma

                   

                  soil in the ratio of 7:3 and seem to

                   

                  use it.

                   

                   

                   

                  👉 Plantation methods

                   

                   

                  As for the plantation method, please see

                   

                  the next article "transplanted a potted

                   

                  lemon". In addition, even in the case of

                   

                  a potted plant, we can suppress the

                   

                  growth of the tree. For example,

                   

                  we pull a branch aside. we suppress the

                   

                  growth by doing this way and can make

                   

                  with fruit better. At first we roll the

                   

                  edge of the bowl with a string.

                   

                  Then, we tie the string which I wrapped

                   

                  the edge in the branch which I want to

                   

                  pull aside with a string.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  ─How to transplant a lemon

                   

                     into a bowl

                   

                   

                  In the case of a potted plant, the inside

                   

                  of the bowl becomes full of roots when we

                   

                  just leave it. So, it is usually

                   

                  necessary to transplant it at the pace

                   

                  once in 2-3 years. The old root comes to

                   

                  wither up to become hard to suck water

                   

                  well even if we do watering.

                   

                   

                   

                   A root comes out of the bottom

                   

                    of the bowl

                   

                  ◆Water did not readily soak into soil

                   

                    even if we did water

                   

                   

                  While being careful about such states, we

                   

                  transplant it into a slightly big bowl. (

                   

                  1〜2号 larger ) By the way, we can

                   

                  measure the size (号) of the bowl when

                   

                  we divide a diameter by 3. (30cm in

                   

                  diameter /3cm = 10号) Even if you do not

                   

                  want to make a bowl big, please

                   

                  transplant it, and please cut down a

                   

                  jam-packed root.

                   

                   

                   

                  When we transplant it, we warn next.

                   

                  A root may rot when we transplant a

                   

                  seedling into a bigger bowl suddenly

                   

                  because soil does not readily dry. T

                   

                  herefore you seem to be careful about

                   

                  the size of the bowl to exchange.(into a

                   

                  slightly big bowl)

                   

                  By the way, I did not know the above.

                   

                  Therefore I have exchanged it with a 14号

                   

                  bowl from a 7号 bowl when I

                   

                  transplanted the potted lemon which I

                   

                  purchased. At hot time of July, I did a

                   

                  good watering every day twice in morning,

                   

                  an evening. I do not seem to do the

                   

                  decayed root for the moment. I want to

                   

                  be careful about decayed root in future.

                   

                   

                   

                  レモンの育て方 栽培方法

                   

                   

                  Article of the transplantation

                  that I tried

                   

                  「I transplanted a potted lemon plant!!」

                   

                   

                  Please take a look. ( but Japanese )

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   Care for flower and bud

                   

                    (I work on pollination)

                   

                   

                  👉 About pollination

                   

                   

                  As the young plant of the lemon is

                   

                  pollinated with one and bears fruit,

                   

                  the pollination tree is not necessary.

                   

                  In addition, we do not need the

                   

                  artificial pollination basically because

                   

                  the insects carry the pollen. My lemon

                   

                  does nothing in particular, but it is

                   

                  pollinated and bear fruit.

                   

                  (There is not particularly a lot an

                   

                  insect)

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  But it seems to become hard to be

                   

                  pollinated when insects do not come very

                   

                  much. When a fruit does not grow

                   

                  though the flower of the lemon blooms,

                   

                  please do artificial pollination. A fruit

                   

                  seems to have possibilities to grow.

                   

                  The artificial pollination is possible by

                   

                  using dry writing brushes when we touch

                   

                  it in turn in a stamen and the pistil

                   

                  capitals.

                   

                   

                   

                  👉 Care for flower and bud

                   

                   

                  We pick all the flower (bud) which

                   

                  bloomed in autumn and summer to promote

                   

                  that we grow fruit.

                   

                  (When we grow the fruit which grow from

                   

                  the flower which bloomed in spring)

                   

                   

                   

                  About the flower(bud) which bloomed

                   

                   in spring

                   

                  When do you pick a bud and a flower? 

                   

                  A judgment seems to change by a purpose.

                   

                   

                  a.A leaf is necessary to grow fruit.

                   

                   (20 pieces of leaves are necessary

                   

                    for one fruit?)

                   

                   

                  b.If we pick the bud and flowers,we can

                   

                    spend the nourishment for branches

                   

                    and leaves and flowers and buds

                   

                    which we left.

                   

                   ⇒We should pick flowers and buds.

                   

                   

                  c.In consideration of a physical fruit

                   

                    drop, we do not pick flowers and

                   

                    buds.

                   

                   ⇒We should not pick flowers and buds. 

                   

                   

                   

                  Physiological fruit drop (June drop)

                   

                  We seem to be able to consider that a

                   

                  physiological fruit drop is a self-regulating

                   

                  function of fruit tree itself. A physiological

                   

                  fruit drop is a menstruation phenomenon

                   

                  that it try to leave a few fruits which

                   

                  is only grow and drop other fruit when

                   

                  nutrition is insufficient.

                   

                   

                   

                  A menstruation phenomenon. When there are too few fruits drop, a tree body weakens and causes a biennial bearing. (A high yielding year and low yielding year came one after the other.) On the contrary, when there are too many fruits drop, growth becomes popular, and the branch will be a abnormally long branch. The physiological fruit drop is classified roughly into two ways. One is an fruit drop appearing soon after the flowering. It is a latter term fruit drop appearing before a crop one more.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  We can concentrate on giving nourishment to a bud and flower and the branches and leaves which we want to leave when we pick up an unnecessary bud and flower. However, when a fruit has begun to become really, physiological fruit drop happens, and a fruit hardly remains if "a fruit to bring up" falls. Therefore we do not cut a bud and the flower and leave all. A way of thinking to perform fruit picking after a physiological fruit drop is like C.

                   

                   

                   

                  This year my garden planted lemon has added about 100 flowers. It was a bud for a long time, but the flowers finally bloomed. However, when I thought that the flowers bloomed on May 10, the flowers began to fall on May 13. If you would like to organize to a certain extent in advance, I think that it would be better to do a bud picking rather than a flower picking.

                   

                   

                   

                  In lemon flowers, incomplete flowers without stamen may bloom. (Of course, it does not become a fruit.) It is said that low temperature is the cause. Also, if the tree is still young and there is no power to fruit it seems there will be many incomplete flowers. Lisbon lemon raised in our house seems to be a species with many incomplete flowers. Meyer lemon is a kind that fruits are often attached, and it seems that there are not too many incomplete flowers. If incomplete flowers bloom, it would be better if you picked flowers. (After scattering naturally, remove residual flowers.)

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  The record at that time is here!

                  「Finally blooming flowers!」

                   

                   

                   

                  👉 I tried picking fruits of lemon of potted plants.

                   

                        The state at that time is "here"!

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   Cutting of the lemon

                   

                   

                  It cuts out the branches, stems, leaves etc of the plant, inserts it in the soil and puts out the roots. Fresh branches at the tip of the branch and flexible branches under extension seems to be unusable for cutting because it tends to rot after insertion. Branches that have stopped growing and become a little harder seem to be suitable for cutting of lemons.

                   

                   

                   

                  As a suitable period, it is said that the period of the rainy season in June is good. Cuttings are said to be less prone to fruit, less vulnerable to diseases and pests, shorter life span than grafts. However, it does not need to prepare a rootstock, and the point that it is relatively easy to increase seedlings is attractive.

                   

                   

                   

                  It is said that citrus fruits are relatively easy to cut. When I cut it, for example, I used a "root promoter", but it is said that roots grow only by adding nothing at all "just put the cut branches in soil".

                  cutting branches that have stopped growing and become a little harder, growing in a shade not exposed to rain, watering every morning and evening, etc. are the points in cutting. However, I think that "roots will grow on cuttings just by watering firmly everyday."

                   

                   

                   

                  On June 17, I cut seven branches. I raised it in the shade that does not hit the rain.(One of them raised in the place where sun and rain hit) A new sprout came out from one branch after 42 days. After that, sprouts came out from all the branches.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  <Cutting procedure I did>

                   

                   

                  a.Cut the solid branches into a length of 10 to 15 cm.

                   

                        And drop the leaves on the lower half of the branches.

                   

                        Next, cut the remaining leaves in half.

                   

                        (To suppress transpiration)

                   

                   

                  b.Soak this branch in a bucket filled with water.

                   

                        (About 1 hour)

                   

                   

                  c.Cut the lower tip of the branch off the water diagonally.

                   

                        (To increase the cross sectional area and increase the water supply volume,

                   

                        and to expand the area where the roots come out.)

                   

                   

                  d.Apply a rooting promoter to the lower tip of the cut branch.

                   

                   

                  e.Put the soil exclusively for sowing buds and seeds, and insert the cuttings.

                   

                        When inserting, digging the hole, cover the branch with soil

                   

                        so that rooting promoter can not be removed.

                   

                   

                  f.Add water to the whole.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  Here is the situation when I went cutting.(With photos)

                   

                   「I tried cutting with lemon!」

                   

                   

                  Since the roots came out from the cuttings, the state at the time of replanting into a pot is here.

                   

                   「Cutting of lemon 54 days later ...」

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  In the future, seedlings made of cuttings,

                   

                  Is it difficult to become fruitful? ,

                  Is it vulnerable to diseases and pests? ,

                  Is the lifetime short? ,

                   

                  I would like to validate.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   Grafting of lemon

                   

                   

                  Looking at the lemon seedlings that are on sale, most of them seem to be seedlings made from grafting. Grafting is done because cold resistance and disease resistance will be higher than without grafting. That is because you use a growing stock. 

                   

                   

                   

                  Depending on the type of fruit trees and flowers, there are things that can not be seeded, or it takes a long time to be able to grow, when raised from their own seeds or when raised with cuttings. When growing with grafting, it will be fruit soon, it seems that you can make a strong tree against diseases and pests. 

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  "Karatachi" often used as a rootstock of lemon

                   

                  It is a characteristic that there is a big thorns, and fruits is a cold-resistant variety among the citrus. It is also known as the bait of swallowtail butterfly. It can be used as a rootstock of all citrus fruits. Karatachi is used as a rootstock in 95% of domestic citrus fruits.

                   

                   

                   

                  When raising "Karatachi" as a rootstock from seeds, it seems necessary for about two years. In addition, when purchasing seedlings of Karatachi, a sending fee (around 1,000 yen) will be required for 1 seedling (around 600 yen) . If so, rather than trying grafting, it will be cheaper to purchase lemon seedlings.

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  👉 「Grafting of lemon. I will try a multi-kind joint with one lemon tree!

                   

                           is「Here」!

                   

                   

                   

                  👉 「I tried grafting on a lemon tree. Challenge for many kinds of joints!

                   

                           is「Here」!

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                   

                  2017.12.09 Saturday

                  Part 1

                  0

                    JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     


                     How to grow a lemon, Part 1

                     

                      While a beginner inspect the cultivation method.

                     

                            (INDEX to 3-◆


                     

                     

                     

                    〜 Introduction 〜

                     

                     

                     

                    I have begun to write a blog of

                     

                    how to grow a lemon.

                     

                     

                     

                    Its number of articles is "56" a little.

                     

                     

                     

                    I couldn't find an article.

                     

                    Where, did I write that article?

                     

                     

                     

                    If there is not "a summary",

                     

                    each article terminates in each article.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    From such thought,

                     

                    I compile each article

                     

                    as "a book of one how to grow a lemon".

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    I think that it takes considerable time

                     

                    so that each article is completed.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    But, 

                     

                     

                    I should be able to update it

                     

                    while inspecting it every day.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    ■ Index

                     

                    1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

                     

                      Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.

                     

                    I went to Shimanami Kaido!

                     

                     

                    2、The history of the lemon

                     

                    ・The first lemon

                     

                    ・A lemon came over to Japan.

                     

                     

                    3、About how to grow a lemon.

                     

                      On the cultivation of the lemon.

                     

                    ・Area suitable for the cultivation

                     of the lemon

                     

                    ・The tree bears fruit with one

                     

                    ・Time is necessary before it bears a

                     fruit for the first time

                     

                    How to buy young plants, various kinds

                     

                    ・A stick seedling and large seedling

                     

                    ・When should we buy a seedling?

                     

                    ・How to choose good young plants

                     

                     

                     Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)

                     

                    ぁWatering

                     

                    ァDo you plant a lemon in the garden?

                      Or,is it a potted plant?

                     

                    ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden

                     

                    АHow to set a lemon into a bowl

                     

                    ─How to transplant a lemon into a bowl

                     

                     Care for flower, bud

                      (I work on pollination)

                     

                     Cutting of the lemon

                     

                     Grafted tree of the lemon

                     

                     The pruning of the lemon

                     

                     Cold measures

                     

                     Lemon cultivation and insects

                     

                     How to grow a lemon in the porch

                     

                     

                    5、Pest of the lemon

                     

                     Coccoidea

                     

                    ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

                     

                     Citrus leafminer

                     

                    ぁBell moth

                     

                    ァAphid

                     

                    ΑSpider Mite

                     

                    АLonghorn beetle

                     

                    ─Thrips

                     

                     

                    6、Disease of the lemon

                     

                     Melanose

                     

                    ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

                     

                     Elsinoë fawcettii

                     

                    ぁGray mold

                     

                    ァCercospora leaf mold

                     

                     

                    7、Diagnosis due to the symptom

                     

                     A leaf is yellow

                     

                    ◆The spots of the leaf is yellow

                     

                     A flower falls

                      (a flower does not bloom)

                     

                    ぁA fruit falls

                     

                     

                    8、Work according to the month

                     

                     

                    9、Eating a lemon

                     

                     

                    10、Recipe using the lemon

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

                     

                     

                      Fascinate to grow a lemon

                       in a house.

                     

                     

                    Almost persons reading this article

                     

                    already have a purpose (charm)

                     

                    to cultivate by yourself.

                     

                     

                    Because you'll already make a fruit tree,

                     

                    vegetables or be going to make a lemon

                     

                    from now on.

                     

                     

                    One of a fascinate to grow a lemon in a

                     

                    house is what we can harvest it at the

                     

                    most delicious time. The commercial

                     

                    fruit and vegetables are harvested

                     

                    before the most ripen fully.

                     

                     

                    This is because it takes time before it

                     

                    reaches the consumers. The citrus

                     

                    fruits become sweet with growth.

                     

                     

                    As for the lemon which ripened fully

                     

                    with becoming the tree, both the taste

                     

                    and the fragrance are totally another

                     

                    thing. You can taste a genuine taste

                     

                    at seasonal time.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    Another fascinate to grow a lemon in a

                     

                    house is what we can eat pesticide-free

                     

                    fruit, vegetables.

                     

                     

                    In the case of an import lemon, we use

                     

                    a preservative (mold materials or wax-

                     

                    proof) not to be corrupt from the

                     

                    foreign country to the transportation.

                     

                     

                    It does not have a problem that you

                     

                    eat a lemon after removing peel of

                     

                    lemon.

                     

                     

                    However, I want to be concerned

                     

                    with a pesticide-free lemon when I

                     

                    think about a carcinogenic

                     

                    teratogenic risk and seem to become.

                     

                     

                    The lemon in particular,

                     

                    vitamin C is included in the peel of

                     

                    lemon as same as in the fresh and fruit

                     

                    juice of lemon.

                     

                     

                    When you thought about nourishment,

                     

                    you should be able to eat the peel of

                     

                    lemon, too.

                     

                     

                    I put a slice lemon in the tea. The lemon

                     

                    to put in the tea has better lemon with

                     

                    the peel.

                     

                     

                     

                    As a matter of course, there is not only

                     

                    the charm "eating" but also the charm

                     

                    "appreciating". I only look at the flower

                     

                    of the lemon sweetly, and a heart calms

                     

                    down.

                     

                     

                    In addition, citral and limonene are

                     

                    included in a bag (oil gland) to collect

                     

                    a fragrance ingredient called the

                     

                    essential oil in to the rind of a fruit

                     

                    of the lemon. So that; is unique;

                     

                    smell refreshing.

                     

                     

                    This is included in the leaf of the

                     

                    lemon. I cut a leaf, and I prune it,

                     

                    and the fragrance of the lemon

                     

                    sometimes spreads.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    Why will I be going to grow a lemon? 

                     

                    Because the reason consumes vitamin C

                     

                    deliciously. This is because it drinks

                     

                    the lemon mixed juice which squeezed

                     

                    a lemon raw.

                     

                     

                    A lemon is one tree, and a fruit grows.

                     

                    In addition, in the case of  other soft

                     

                    fruit, it will be deceived by a pest and

                     

                    bacteria, and it is difficult to grow.

                     

                     

                    However, a lemon is hard to be deceived

                     

                    by a pest and can simplify the fruit

                     

                    which I can eat, because the rind of a

                     

                    fruit of the lemon is thick. How to grow

                     

                    lemons cannot be difficult.  

                     

                     

                    Maybe・・・

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     ◆I went to Shimanami Kaido!

                     

                     

                    In July, 2017, I went to Shimanami Kaido

                     

                    in two people with a wife.

                     

                     

                    From the Hiroshima side, I passed with

                     

                    Mukaijima, Innoshima, Ikuchijima,

                     

                    Omishima, Hakatajima, Oshima and

                     

                    went to Imabari-shi, Ehime.

                     

                     

                     

                    レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法

                     

                     

                     

                    "Ikuchijima with Sedota-cho is 25km from

                     

                    Imabari-shi, Ehime. It is the island of

                     

                    approximately 8,700 population in the

                     

                    center of Shimanami Kaido.

                     

                     

                    Because approximately 50% of the island

                     

                    are suddenly slanted in Ikuchijima,

                     

                    exposure to the sun is good. The amount

                     

                    of production of the lemon is number one

                     

                    in Japan."

                     

                     

                    "Approximately a quarter (28%) of the

                     

                    domestic lemon is produced in Sedota-cho.

                     

                     

                    However, among lemons consumed in

                     

                    Japan, the ratio that a domestic lemon is

                     

                    consumed is less than 5%. Consumed most

                     

                    lemons are from the United States.

                     

                     

                    This is because a price is low. The lemon

                     

                    which a farming family of Sedota-cho

                     

                    aimed at was the richness of the

                     

                    fragrance and the lemon which I could

                     

                    eat in peace.

                     

                     

                    The Sedota lemon holds down the

                     

                    consumption of a pesticide and the

                     

                    chemical fertilizer to less than 50%.

                     

                    It is the lemon which I can eat

                     

                    together with a zest."

                     

                     

                    I who had begun to grow a lemon had a

                     

                    lot of various questions. I went to the

                     

                    place of the best domestic amount of

                     

                    production in Japan and wanted to learn

                     

                    "how to grow lemons".

                     

                    ( In fact, I wanted to buy a seedling

                     

                    most. ^^;)

                     

                     

                    I went to "the lemon valley" in Sedota-

                     

                    cho. There are really a lemon, a lemon.

                     

                    A lot of trees of lemon.

                     

                     

                    The person who wants to feel the world of

                     

                    a lot of lemons, please drop in once!

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法

                     

                    レモンの木の育て方 栽培方法

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    2、The history of the lemon

                     

                     

                     

                    虫眼鏡 The first lemon

                     

                     

                    When and where did the lemon come from?

                     

                     

                    The place of origin of the lemon seems to

                     

                    be the foothills of the Himalayas in

                     

                    India.

                     

                     

                    It is supposed that the lemon came out of

                     

                    the mating of a shaddock and a lemonade,

                     

                    but does not seem to understand the

                     

                    original thing that a lemon has begun to

                     

                    be cultivated clearly.

                     

                     

                    More than 1,400 years ago, Arabic people

                     

                    of the Muslim liked lemons. They brought

                     

                    in a lemon in the future to go and seemed

                     

                    to go over to Spain and Sicily, the North

                     

                    Africa.

                     

                     

                    In the 15th century, the lemon came to be

                     

                    cultivated flourishingly in Italy and

                     

                    Spain.

                     

                     

                    It will be "to have healed scurvy" to

                     

                    have escalated the cultivation of the

                     

                    lemon still more.

                     

                     

                    In about 1500, the scurvy is the disease

                     

                    that took sailors at voyages of Vasco da

                     

                    Gama.

                     

                     

                    As for the sailor, gingiva of the top and

                     

                    bottom swelled up. And they could eat

                     

                    nothing and starved to death. They

                     

                    suffered from hand pedialgia and

                     

                    gingival swelling and died in sequence.

                     

                     

                    For the next 300 years, the scurvy

                     

                    attacked sailors who went on a voyage

                     

                    for a long term.

                     

                     

                    Vitamin C is indispensable for generation

                     

                    of protein and the collagen included in

                     

                    the connective tissue. Collagen is not

                     

                    produced enough when we spend time

                     

                    without eating raw fruit and vegetables

                     

                    more than three months. As a result,

                     

                    various symptoms such as the gingival

                     

                    swelling are early and finally result

                     

                    in death.

                     

                     

                    In 1582, Sailors who were deceived by

                     

                    scurvy strike the shore of West Africa,

                     

                    and they eat the lemon which grew

                     

                    there.

                     

                     

                    When they washed the mouth with the fruit

                     

                    juice of the lemon, somebody recovered

                     

                    from the symptom of the mouth.

                     

                    Such example seemed to be persuasive

                     

                    grounds that a lemon worked for scurvy.

                     

                     

                    After that, the senior service provides

                     

                    with about 6 million liters of squeezes

                     

                    of lemon in 19 years.

                     

                     

                    The squeeze of lemon was stored in a

                     

                    barrel under the layer of the olive oil.

                     

                    As a result, it is to have been able to

                     

                    keep it without ascorbate most of the

                     

                    fruit juice being lost.

                     

                    As a matter of course, a sailor starting

                     

                    scurvy disappears.

                     

                     

                    The loading the lemon onto the ship is a

                     

                    chance to let the consumption of the

                     

                    lemon increase, and the lemon farm will

                     

                    enlarge in each place.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    虫眼鏡 A lemon came over to Japan.

                     

                     

                    It is listed in "a history of Japanese

                     

                    fruit chronological table" as follows.

                     

                     

                    "April, 1875, Saburo Takagi who was a

                     

                    consul general introduced the seed and

                     

                    saplings such as orange, a lemon, a

                     

                    strawberry, the hop from the United

                     

                    States."

                     

                     

                    In addition, it is written with a

                     

                    different book as follows.

                     

                     

                    It is the Meiji era after the foundation

                     

                    of a country that a lemon was handed

                     

                    down to Japan.

                     

                     

                    The lemon was mixed in many foreign-made

                     

                    articles, too. When a foreigner came for

                     

                    a hot spring cure in Atami of Shizuoka

                     

                    in 1873, he sprinkled the species of the

                     

                    lemon contained in dinner on the garden.

                     

                     

                    It does not know which story is right.

                     

                    But, around the beginning of the Meiji

                     

                    era, the lemon seemed to come to Japan.

                     

                     

                    It is written in the cultivation history

                     

                    of "the Sedota lemon" as follows.

                     

                    In 1928, I plant 300 trifoliate orange

                     

                    young plants and perform bud grafting

                     

                    of Lisbon Eureka Lemon.

                     

                     

                    In other words, I understand that the

                     

                    lemon cultivation began after the Showa

                     

                    era.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    3、About how to grow a lemon

                     

                     

                     

                     On the cultivation of the lemon

                     

                     

                    👉 Area suitable for the cultivation

                           of the lemon

                     

                     

                    The lemon seems to like the land which

                     

                    drainage has good and the area with

                     

                    more than 15 degrees Celsius of mean

                     

                    temperature.

                     

                     

                    In Japan, there is a lemon-growing area

                     

                    in the warm place of the south side from

                     

                    Kanto area. The slant ground of the

                     

                    mountains in the coastal area is a lemon

                     

                    -growing main area. Because chills do

                     

                    not collect, and drainage is good.

                     

                     

                    A Setouchi lemon farm writes it, too.

                     

                     

                    "Originally the area in Setouchi has

                     

                    little precipitation, and it is a warm

                     

                    area (mean temperature 15 degrees

                     

                    Celsius). It is a characteristic that

                     

                    there are many fine days.

                     

                    The lemon in particular is vulnerable to

                     

                    rain and wind. There are few typhoons,

                     

                    and, in this area with a little quantity

                     

                    of the wind, the outbreak of illness is

                     

                    controlled as much as possible and is

                     

                    the environment that is most suitable

                     

                    for a lemon. As for the lemon growing

                     

                    here, both the taste and the nourishment

                     

                    are fully included in the depths of the

                     

                    acidity."

                     

                     

                    In particular, Sedota-cho is most

                     

                    suitable for lemon cultivation.

                     

                    This is because it wins a positive well

                     

                    as about half of the island is an

                     

                    immediate slant.

                     

                     

                    And the lemon is vulnerable to cold.

                     

                    When temperature falls than -3 degrees

                     

                    Celsius, a tree weakens and seems to have

                     

                    possibilities to die. Therefore cold

                     

                    protection measures are necessary in the

                     

                    area becoming less than -3 degrees

                     

                    Celsius.

                     

                     

                     

                     


                    👉 The tree bears fruit with one

                     

                     

                    The tree of lemon is pollinated and bears

                     

                    a fruit only with one tree.

                     

                     

                    Therefore the pollination tree is not

                     

                    necessary.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    👉 Time is necessary before it bears

                     

                           a fruit for the first time

                     

                     

                    The tree gives priority to bring up a

                     

                    body of oneself, rather than leaving the

                     

                    next generation (leaving fruit and a

                     

                    species).

                     

                     

                    In other words, if the growth of a branch

                     

                    and a leaf of the tree becomes too much

                     

                    popular, most of the nourishment are used

                     

                    for the growth of a branch and the leaf ,

                     

                    and not be used for a flower and fruit ,

                     

                    and they are not accompanied by a flower

                     

                    and a fruit.

                     

                     

                    In the case of a potted plant, It seem to

                     

                    be said to be need for 3 through 5 years

                     

                    before the fruit of the lemon grows for

                     

                    the first time.

                     

                     

                    But, in the case of a planting in the

                     

                    garden, it seems to be said that we are

                     

                    necessary for 4 through 6 years.

                     

                     

                    The growth of the root is limited, and

                     

                    this is because a branch and a leaf do

                     

                    not grow big in the case of a potted

                     

                    plant.

                     

                     

                    Therefore nourishment arrives to a flower

                     

                    and fruit, and a potted plant seems to

                     

                    bear a fruit early.

                     

                    As for the particularly young tree, a

                     

                    branch and a leaf grow well. If we cut a

                     

                    branch or pull it aside, force to grow up

                     

                    can be weakened.

                     

                     

                    There seems to be a method to let a lot

                     

                    of flowers bloom by doing so.

                     

                    However, it seem to be necessary for

                     

                    around three years before a fruit grows

                     

                    after planting the seedling of the lemon.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    ◆How to buy young plants,

                     

                       various kinds

                     

                     

                    👉 Stick seedling and large seedling

                     

                     

                    We can classify the young plant roughly

                     

                    into "one stick stick seedling" and

                     

                    "large seedling which branched off a

                     

                    lot".

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    Stick seedling;

                     

                     A price is low          楽しい

                     

                    ◆It is available for much

                     

                      how to make 楽しい

                     

                     It is necessary for three years

                     

                      before a fruit grows at least  悲しい

                     

                     

                    Large seedling;

                     

                     A price is high     悲しい

                     

                    ◆It is begun easily   楽しい

                     

                     A fruit grows early 楽しい

                     

                     

                     

                    <A large seedling is recommended in

                     

                     potted plants>

                     

                     

                    For a potted young plant, a large

                     

                    seedling is recommended than a stick

                     

                    seedling.

                     

                     

                    Because, it is just grew lemons with the

                     

                    bowl which it purchased, and it is early

                     

                    that a fruit grows for the first time.

                     

                     

                    When we choose the large seedling,

                     

                    we choose the young plant which branches

                     

                    off from a part near the plant foot

                     

                    treatment if possible.

                     

                     

                    The space where fruit becomes increases

                     

                    and can finish it compactly.

                     


                     

                     

                    The tree of lemon which I planted in my

                     

                    garden purchased a stick seedling in a

                     

                    gardening shop.

                     

                     

                    And the potted lemon purchased a large

                     

                    seedling on the Internet.

                     

                     

                    I understand each merit and demerit well.

                     

                    It is up to the thought of the person

                     

                    which seedling is good.

                     

                     

                    But I think that you should purchase the

                     

                    seedling after knowing the seedling

                     

                    passed how many years.

                     

                    It seems to be difficult to harvest fruit

                     

                    from a young seedling.

                     

                     

                    I think that there is the joy of "to just

                     

                    grow the tree of lemon".

                     

                     

                    However, you should purchase the seedling

                     

                    which passed for several years if your

                     

                    first purpose is "to harvest the fruit of

                     

                    the lemon".

                     

                     

                    Please think that you purchased the

                     

                    period (time). Even if the price of large

                     

                    seedling is high, you will think that

                     

                    "it was good early to bear a fruit".

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    👉 When should we buy a seedling?

                     

                     

                    In both the gardening shop and the net

                     

                    shop, the seedling of the lemon is sold

                     

                    anytime.

                     

                     

                    The seedling of the lemon is sold only at

                     

                    this time, which means there will not be

                     

                    it.

                     

                     

                    But, in a case of planting a lemon,

                     

                    A climate is calm. About March is

                     

                    good because the growth of the tree of

                     

                    lemon is slow.

                     

                     

                    Therefore it is thought that you should

                     

                    purchase it at that time. In addition,

                     

                    September is also good becase a lot of

                     

                    seedlings having a fruit are sold.

                     

                     

                    By the way, I purchased the young plant

                     

                    (large seedling) of the lemon for the

                     

                    potted plant on the Internet in the end

                     

                    of July. (there were four fruits!)

                     

                     

                    I transplanted it into a one size big

                     

                    bowl immediately.

                     

                    I still grow well.

                     

                    (of course,four fruits are fine!)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    👉 How to choose good young plants

                     

                     

                    There are many leaves. The green of

                     

                    the leaf is deep. A branch is enriched

                     

                    and thick.

                     

                     

                    It is said that the seedling are good to

                     

                    buy. Even if a lot of flower and fruits

                     

                    grow , it is temporary.

                     

                     

                    We want to just judge the purchase from

                     

                    the viewpoint of  銑 above. But we see

                     

                     銑 and can purchase it if we go to

                     

                    the home centers for buying by oneself. 

                     

                     

                    However, we can't buy the seedling aftere

                     

                    check  銑 above if we buy it on the

                     

                    Internet.

                     

                     

                    On the other hand, the young plant of the

                     

                    lemon is sold when we go to the gardening

                     

                    shop, but there are not many kinds (one

                     

                    kind - two kinds) and does not sell a

                     

                    lot. We can buy most kinds if we buy it

                     

                    in a net shop.

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    The article of

                     

                    Nursery tree of lemon The various kinds

                     

                    is here!

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    2017.12.08 Friday

                    Part 2-1

                    0

                      JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       


                       How to grow a lemon,

                       

                                                   Part 2

                       

                        While a beginner inspect the

                       

                                          cultivation method.

                       

                              (INDEX to 3-◆


                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      ■ Index

                       

                      1、Fascinate to grow a lemon

                       

                        Fascinate to grow a lemon in a house.

                       

                      I went to Shimanami Kaido!

                       

                       

                      2、The history of the lemon

                       

                      ・The first lemon

                      ・A lemon came over to Japan.

                       

                       

                      3、About how to grow a lemon.

                       

                        On the cultivation of the lemon.

                       

                      ・Area suitable for the cultivation of the lemon

                      ・The tree bears fruit with one

                      ・Time is necessary before it bears a fruit for the first time

                       

                      How to buy young plants, various kinds

                       

                      ・A stick seedling and large seedling

                      ・When should we buy a seedling?

                      ・How to choose good young plants

                       

                       

                       Soil, manure (effective microorganisms)

                      ぁWatering

                      ァDo you plant a lemon in the garden? Or,is it a potted plant?

                      ΑHow to plant a lemon in the garden

                      АHow to set a lemon into a bowl

                      ─How to transplant a lemon into a bowl

                       Care for flower, bud (I work on pollination)

                       Cutting of the lemon

                       Grafted tree of the lemon

                       The pruning of the lemon

                       Cold measures

                       Lemon cultivation and insects

                       How to grow a lemon in the porch

                       

                       

                      5、Pest of the lemon

                       Coccoidea

                      ◆Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

                       Citrus leafminer

                      ぁBell moth

                      ァAphid

                      ΑSpider Mite

                      АLonghorn beetle

                      ─Thrips

                       

                       

                      6、Disease of the lemon

                       Melanose

                      ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

                       Elsinoë fawcettii

                      ぁGray mold

                      ァCercospora leaf mold

                       

                       

                      7、Diagnosis due to the symptom

                       A leaf is yellow

                      ◆The spots of the leaf is yellow

                       A flower falls (a flower does not bloom)

                      ぁA fruit falls

                       

                       

                      8、Work according to the month

                       

                       

                      9、Eating a lemon

                       

                       

                      10、Recipe using the lemon

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      3、About how to grow a lemon

                       

                       

                        Soil, manure

                       

                          (effective microorganisms)

                       

                       

                      👉 How much is the quantity of

                       

                         fertilization?

                       

                       

                       

                      ☝In the case of a smartphone, a screen

                       spreads with touch.

                       

                       

                       

                      When we grow lemons,

                       

                      how much

                       

                      ◆when must we give the manure?

                       

                      I checked it in various ways, but there

                       

                      was not the same information. Quantity

                       

                      of fertilization. Time. The number of

                       

                      times to give in the year.

                       

                      It was different each. But I describe it

                       

                      as there was a point becoming similar

                       

                      mention.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      a.Lemon cultivation requires a lot

                       

                        of manure.

                       

                      Generally, it is said that the citrus

                       

                      fruits consume fertilizer in comparison

                       

                      with other fruit trees. In particular, a

                       

                      lemon is a fruit tree consuming

                       

                      fertilizer in that citrus fruits.

                       

                      The lemon has much quantity of

                       

                      outbreak of the branch.

                       

                       

                      In addition, it flowers many times in a

                       

                      year,and this is because it needs much

                       

                      nourishment. A root goes bad even if we

                       

                      give a lot of manure at a time and flows

                       

                      out before manure is absorbed.

                       

                      Therefore it is common I divide it into

                       

                      several times a year, and to give manure

                       

                      while grow a lemon.

                       

                       

                       

                      b.I surround organic quality compound

                       

                            fertilizer in about February

                       

                            (initial fertilization).

                       

                           In addition, I sprinkle mineral

                       

                          matter compound fertilizer in another

                       

                           month   (additional fertilizing).

                       

                       

                       

                      Organic quality compound fertilizer

                       

                      ; Seedcake, chicken droppings,

                       

                            fish meal, compost, cow dung.

                       

                       

                       Improvement of the soil is effective.

                       

                       (soil softens, and water retentivity

                       

                          increases)

                       

                      ◆Slow-release.

                       

                       Microbes increase.

                       

                      ぁThere are few manure ingredients.

                       

                      ァThe smell is special, and an insect

                       

                            may be boiled.

                       

                       

                       

                      Mineral matter compound fertilizer

                       

                      ; Compound fertilizer, urea.

                       

                       

                       We fertilize three major nutrients

                       

                           (nitrogen, phosphoric acid,

                       

                            potassium) efficiently.

                       

                      ◆There are slow-release and immediate

                       

                            effect and can choose it.

                       

                       It tends to be cheaper than organic

                       

                            quality manure.

                       

                      ぁOnly with mineral matter, soil

                       

                            environment worsens.

                       

                            (The soil will lose weight)

                       

                      ァIt may cause manure desperation.

                       

                            (overdoing)

                       

                      ΑThere is not the smell, and there is

                       

                          not the worry to breed in an insect.

                       

                       

                      Most of organic quality manure are

                       

                      slow-release and few manure ingredients.

                       

                       

                      The lemon needs a lot of manure. When

                       

                      quick effect characteristics are demanded

                       

                      like after-season fertilizing, experience

                       

                      and an effort seem to be necessary to

                       

                      cultivate a lemon only in organic quality

                       

                      manure.

                       

                       

                      So there seem to be many descriptions

                       

                      that "sprinkle organic quality compound

                       

                      fertilizer on the initial fertilization,

                       

                      and sprinkle mineral matter compound

                       

                      fertilizer on the additional fertilizing"

                       

                      to make use of both good points.

                       

                       

                       

                      c.It is the almost same

                       

                            when I see it by an annual unit.

                       

                       

                      There seem to be various descriptions as

                       

                      mentioned above when we consider quantity

                       

                      of fertilization and the fertilization

                       

                      number of times each. But, when we judge

                       

                      the quantity of fertilization X number

                       

                      of times」from an annual unit, the gross

                       

                      weight of the manure to give is almost

                       

                      same.

                       

                      I think that you may change the number of

                       

                      times to fertilize from a point of view

                       

                      that "The lemon is easy to absorb manure

                       

                      if you distribute the number of times to

                       

                      fertilize".

                       

                       

                       

                      d.Method to sprinkle manure

                       

                       

                      A garden Plant

                       

                      We sprinkle manure on the surface of the

                       

                      land uniformly in a range (Trunk Diameter)

                       

                      where the branches and leaves grow.

                       

                      The manure is good just to sprinkle it on

                       

                      the surface of the land. But, absorption

                       

                      of the manure improves when we mix it

                       

                      with soil lightly.

                       

                       

                       

                      A potted plant

                       

                      I sprinkle manure on the surface of the

                       

                      potting compost uniformly. It is not

                       

                      necessary to mix it with soil.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Please careful about manure

                       

                             desperation !

                       

                       

                      As much as we give a manure, it is not

                       

                      good. The density of fertility in the

                       

                      soil rises when I fertilize it too much,

                       

                      and the water of the root is robbed of

                       

                      it under the influence of osmotic

                       

                      pressure.

                       

                      It can be expected, "a lemon withers up

                       

                      even if I put up a lot of water".

                       

                       

                      When a ratio of compound fertilizer uses

                       

                      expensive fertilizer, attention is

                       

                      necessary.

                       

                       

                       

                      It washes away fertility in the soil

                       

                      if we cause manure desperation.

                       

                      In the case of a potted plant, we do

                       

                      water about 5 times as normal,

                       

                      and water flows out of the bowl

                       

                      bottom for a while.

                       

                      You seem to perform this work every day

                       

                      for about five days.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 The measurement and adjustment

                       

                             of the acidity in the soil

                       

                       

                      The root of the citrus fruit likes weak

                       

                      acidity around ph 5.5-6.0 in the soil.

                       

                      The growth of the tree worsens so that

                       

                      the acidity of the soil is separated from

                       

                      ph5 .5-6.0. Using acidity measurement

                       

                      liquid, a value of the acidity should be

                       

                      coordinated when values are different

                       

                      more than 1.0 from ph5 .5-6.0 back

                       

                      and forth.

                       

                       

                      We use lime for a case to raise soil ph

                       

                      (can get closer to the neutrality).

                       

                      The magnesia lime includes magnesium

                       

                      and seems to be recommended as action

                       

                      is slow.

                       

                      300g of magnesia lime is necessary to put

                       

                      up 1.0 soil ph in one square meter of

                       

                      land. We use sublimed sulfur for a case

                       

                      to lower soil ph (can get closer

                       

                      to the acidity).

                       

                      200g of sublimed sulfur is necessary to

                       

                      lower 1.0 soil ph in one square meter of

                       

                      land.

                       

                       

                      I measured the acidity of the soil, too.

                       

                      I could easily measure when I used the

                       

                      acidity measurement liquid.

                       

                       

                       

                      Please refer 「I measured ph!」.

                       

                       

                       

                      レモンの育て方 栽培方法

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 I try to sprinkle effective

                       

                             microorganisms

                       

                       

                      I read an article to "cultivate the lemon

                       

                      without using the pesticide".

                       

                       

                       The probability to be damaged of a

                       

                      disease and the insect rises when we

                       

                      give a lot of manure.

                       

                       

                       

                      ◆The tree of lemon meets the life

                       

                      immediately when we reduce manure

                       

                      and we cultivate it while suppressing

                       

                      the pruning. (it becomes weak)

                       

                       

                       

                       So we make met environment with

                       

                      probiotic.

                       

                       

                      "We make met environment with probiotic".

                       

                      In other words, we sprinkle effective

                       

                      microorganisms and a fermentation microbe

                       

                      (lactic acid bacterium, yeast,

                       

                      photosynthetic bacteria) and make the

                       

                      soil better (the probiotic is higher than

                       

                      the viuses and bacteria which are a

                       

                      microbe letting a thing oxidize).

                       

                      Then we can enable the organic farming

                       

                      that we can revivify power of the

                       

                      original soil and is hard to match pest

                       

                      damage.

                       

                      (We interfere with being deceived by a

                       

                      disease and an insect even if we give an

                       

                      organic fertilizer)

                       

                      It is like such a thing when I gather

                       

                      it up.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      <What is an effective microorganisms?>

                       

                       

                       

                      The word "EM" took an initial of

                       

                      "Effective Microorganism" (useful microbe

                       

                      group), and EM is cultured by so many

                       

                      kinds of useful microbes.

                       

                      {* But "EM" is a coined word (trademark)

                       

                      by Professor Hika who is a advocate of

                       

                      EM, and is a central researcher.

                       

                      So,"EM" is not a technical term in the

                       

                      general microbiology.}

                       

                       

                       

                      We can measure the acidity (ph) in the

                       

                      soil, but it is difficult to measure the

                       

                      state of bacteria.

                       

                      It is difficult to confirm that to

                       

                      maintain the state (good balance) of

                       

                      the bacteria become a direct cause to

                       

                      prevent a disease and a pest.

                       

                       

                      On the other hand, it seems to be caused

                       

                      by the environment (including the state

                       

                      of the soil) that a pest comes, and

                       

                      branches and leaves get sick.

                       

                      I think that it is very good to sprinkle

                       

                      good bacteria because I do not spread

                       

                      bad bacteria.

                       

                      I make EM manure and EM wash and sprinkle

                       

                      it.

                       

                      I think that the result has just begun,

                       

                      but want to make the state an article.

                       

                       

                       

                      「I bought effective microorganisms (1)and molasses!」

                       

                      「I made EM manure!」

                       

                      「I made EM wash!」     

                       

                       

                      There are others, the related story, too.

                       

                       

                      Effective Microorganism

                      レモンの育て方 栽培方法

                       

                       

                      「I tried fertilizer in November!」

                       

                      「I surround organic quality compound fertilizer in about February (initial fertilization).」

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       


                      ぁWatering

                       

                       

                      The lemon is not so weak against drying.

                       

                      In the case of a garden plant, there is

                       

                      little need to do watering other than hot

                       

                      summer. However, watering is important

                       

                      work to control growth. Therefore you

                       

                      will understand a precaution.

                       

                       

                       

                      <In the case of a gargen plant>

                       

                      We are careful not to become the shortage

                       

                      of water for from July to September that

                       

                      are the high temperature period. A tree

                       

                      take the damage when it becomes the

                       

                      shortage of water, and fruit does not

                       

                      grow big. Let's give water well by once

                       

                      for each morning and evening.

                       

                       

                       

                      <In the case of a potted plant>

                       

                      Because the range that the root grows is

                       

                      limited, periodical watering is

                       

                      necessary. When we put a bowl under

                       

                      the eaves to suppress the outbreak of

                       

                      illness, the soil of the bowl is careful

                       

                      not to dry in particular. If "the surface

                       

                      of the potting compost dries, the basics

                       

                      of the timing to water".

                       

                       

                       

                      In spring once in 2-3 days. In the summer

                       

                      1 to 2 times a day. In autumn once in 1-3

                       

                      days. In winter once in 3-7 days. This

                       

                      interval provide an indication of

                       

                      watering.

                       

                      When we make a little dry some potting

                       

                      compost until winter, cold resistance

                       

                      becomes strong. On the other hand,

                       

                      we water too much and are careful about

                       

                      decayed root being caused. "If the

                       

                      surface of the potting compost dries,

                       

                      we water".

                       

                       

                       

                      Outbreak of illness is controlled when we

                       

                      water in potting compost so that water

                       

                      does not hang over the branches and

                       

                      leaves. In addition, there seems to be

                       

                      the way called "leaf water-spray" with

                       

                      direct water over a leaf exceptionally,

                       

                      too.

                       

                      This is because it lowers side

                       

                      temperature of the leaves on a hot day,

                       

                      and it washes away a dirt and a pest.

                       

                      Let's perform it on a fine day and on a

                       

                      day to dry immediately.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      Do you plant a lemon in the garden? 

                       

                            Or,is it a potted plant?

                       

                       

                      A gargen plant

                       

                      <Merit>

                       

                      ・There are many harvests.

                       (a tree grows big)

                       

                      ・Transplantation is unnecessary.

                       

                      ・There is little number of times of

                       the watering.

                       

                       Except summer of the intense heat,

                       the watering is approximately

                       unnecessary.

                       

                       And so on.

                       

                      <Demerit>

                       

                      ・The number of years to harvesttime

                       is long.

                       

                      (After outdoor planting,

                       is it difficult for three years?)

                       

                      ・It is difficult to prevent cold.

                       

                       When the lemon is less than -3 degrees

                       Celsius, it may wither and die.

                       

                       Therefore we choose the cultivation

                       area.

                       

                      ・Because it is easy to become the big

                       tree, the pruning every year is

                       indispensable. And so on.

                       

                       

                      The first reason that purchased the tree

                       

                      of lemon for a garden plant is because I

                       

                      wanted to harvest a lot of fruit of the

                       

                      lemon.

                       

                      However, I became slightly afraid that I

                       

                      was in trouble if a lemon became so big

                       

                      and thick when I went to Shimanami Kaido

                       

                      and looked at the trunk of the lemon in

                       

                      the lemon field. From this year, I will

                       

                      prune the tree on lemon properly. It is

                       

                      difficult to prevent a trunk from

                       

                      becoming thick, but I'll try to prevent a

                       

                      tree from growing big.

                       

                       

                       

                      A potted plant

                       

                      <Merit>

                       

                      ・Years until the first fruition are

                       short.

                       

                      ・We can grow the fruit tree which is

                       vulnerable to cold.

                       

                       We can easily move the seedling of the

                       lemon to the room only in winter.

                       

                       (We do not choose an area and the

                       place)

                       

                      ・It is easy to bear a fruit.

                       

                      ・We can grow compactly.

                       

                      ・No worries about a disease and pest

                       if we grow lemons in the room.

                       

                      <Demerit>

                       

                      ・There are few harvests.

                       

                      ・Transplantation is necessary.

                       (We transplant it in 2-3 years)

                       

                      ・Watering is necessary frequently.

                       

                       And so on.

                       

                       

                       

                      *「It is easy to bear a fruit by a potted plant」

                       

                      When the branches and leaves grow too

                       

                      much popular, most of the nourishment

                       

                      are used by growth of the branches and

                       

                      leaves. As a result, the flowers and

                       

                      fruits cannot take the nourishment, and

                       

                      it is the tendency that the flowers

                       

                      and fruits do not grow. We can say this

                       

                      trend about overall tree not only a

                       

                      lemon.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      The growth of the branches and leaves

                       

                      links a root. In the case of a garden

                       

                      plant,the land where a root grows is

                       

                      large, so the growth of the branches

                       

                      and leaves is easy to become popular.

                       

                      As a result, the fruit becomes the

                       

                      tendency that is hard to grow.

                       

                      On the other hand,in the case of a potted

                       

                      plant,the growth of the root is limited,

                       

                      so the growth of the branches and leaves

                       

                      is limited, too. As a result, it becomes

                       

                      the tendency that fruit is easy to

                       

                      become.

                       

                       

                       

                      When we plant a stick seedling, it is

                       

                      necessary before the first fruition for

                       

                      4 through 6 years in the case of a garden

                       

                      plant, but becomes short for 3 through 5

                       

                      years in the case of a potted plant.

                       

                       

                       

                      In other words, the tree gives priority

                       

                      to grow oneself (now) than to leave the

                       

                      next generation (in the future).

                       

                      If a root cannot grow, a root stop

                       

                      growing oneself and try to begin to leave

                       

                      the next generation. I think "I use of

                       

                      this thought and want to find a method to

                       

                      preferentially grow fruits in the case of

                       

                      a garden plant,too".

                       

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      ΑHow to plant a lemon in the

                        garden

                       

                       

                      👉 Proper time for plantation

                       

                      Proper time to plant the young plant of

                       

                      the lemon is from the end of February to

                       

                      the end of March in Japan. It is good for

                       

                      the plantation of the seedling becase the

                       

                      growth of the root is slow and there is

                       

                      little worry that a seedling is damaged

                       

                      by cold. In the case of the area where

                       

                      cold is severe, You may plant it before

                       

                      it starts sprouting in about April.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Place to plant a seedling

                       

                      When we plant a seedling in a sunny place

                       

                      and in the place that drainage has good,

                       

                      fruits grow well and come to have good

                       

                      quality. The place where a strong wind is

                       

                      easy to blow and chills are easy to

                       

                      collect will be hard to grow.

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 Plantation

                       

                      We dig the hole nearly 70cm - 100cm in

                       

                      diameter and 50cm - 75cm in depth. We

                       

                      dig up soil of area more than the size

                       

                      of the young plant. It is intended to

                       

                      plow the soil for the purpose of a root

                       

                      growing in the future. After having dug

                       

                      the hole, we coordinate it with the

                       

                      measurement of the acidity and put

                       

                      organic matter (humus or compost).

                       

                       

                      This organic matter is intended to make

                       

                      soil soft and fluffy, and to make

                       

                      drainage better as manure more. If it is

                       

                      a hole of 100cm in diameter and 75cm in

                       

                      depth, the humus mixes 48 - 60ℓ.

                       

                       

                       

                      When we plant a young plant, it prevents

                       

                      a grafted tree part from being covered in

                       

                      the soil and, also, when we put soil, we

                       

                      are careful not to be hard very much by

                       

                      stepping on our feet. In the case of a

                       

                      stick seedling, a rich branch will grow

                       

                      in the future when we cut it at a height

                       

                      of 40cm from a grafted tree part.

                       

                      And we fix a tree trunk with props for a

                       

                      while. We do not have to worry that a

                       

                      tree breaks by strong winds.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      And then we water well and add soil

                       

                      if soil is dented.

                       

                       

                      レモンの育て方 栽培方法

                       

                       

                      I still support it with a prop.! 

                       

                       

                      Even if a typhoon comes,

                       

                      it becomes the reliable materials.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      👉 How to fix forms of the tree

                       

                      As many branches grow in May, we leave

                       

                      three branches which is rich and growing

                       

                      in a good direction, and other branch

                       

                      cuts it off.( we cultivate it so that

                       

                      three firm branches grow near the

                       

                      ground.)

                       

                      In the second-year March, about 1/3

                       

                      length cuts off all branches.

                       

                      And when a lot of branches are divided,

                       

                      we cut it off to become by 2-3 in one

                       

                      place.

                       

                       

                       

                       

                      2017.12.04 Monday

                      Thin out superfluous fruit of lemon. How many fruits should I produce in one potted tree?

                      0

                        JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                         

                         


                        Thin out superfluous fruit of lemon.

                         

                        How many fruits

                         

                        should I produce in one potted tree?


                         

                         

                         

                         

                        Potted lemon purchased last year (2017).

                         

                        The state at the time of purchase is 「here」.

                         

                        The lemon I bought had four fruits.

                         

                         

                         

                        Then, the state when we replanted in a 20 liter pot is

                         

                        here」.

                         

                        The culture soil was in the bowl for about 30 liters.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        I grew this seedlings and harvested four fruits last year.

                         

                        How many fruits can I harvest this year?

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        The situation on May 12, 2018 is「here」.

                         

                        So many flowers were blooming and tree bore fruit.

                         

                         

                         

                        If all the fruits are grown,

                         

                        the nutrition of the lemon tree will be insufficient.

                         

                        So I picked the fruit at this point.

                         

                        I left about 30 fruits and looked at it.

                         

                         

                         

                        After that,

                         

                        I tried to leave one fruit in one branch

                         

                        and leave a fruit that seems to be healthy.

                         

                         

                         

                        Currently, 11 fruits remain.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        The size of the lemon tree when purchased last year

                         

                        is about 60 cm from the top of the pot soil.

                         

                         

                        The present lemon tree

                         

                        is about 70 cm in height from the top of the pot soil.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        Although they are growing a little,

                         

                        it is good to think that they are almost the same.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        So, should I reduce the number of fruits

                         

                        to four or five this year too?

                         

                         

                         

                        How many fruits can I harvest?

                         

                        How big can I grow?

                         

                        Or,

                         

                        When does the fruit fall?

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        I thought that

                         

                        let's leave it as it is and examine it.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 Disadvantages of not picking

                         

                         

                         The fruit is small and there is less juice.

                         

                        ◆The trees become weak and the harvest of the following year decreases.

                         

                         

                        It also causes Biennial bearing.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        However,

                         

                        in consideration of the above disadvantages,

                         

                        I decided to pick some more lemon fruits.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        Then,

                         

                        When?

                         

                        How many?

                         

                        Should I pick lemon fruit?

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 The appropriate period is August

                         

                         

                        The faster the fruits are picked, the less nutrition is consumed.

                         

                        However, there is a possibility that the fruits will fall until the middle of July.

                         

                        So it seems better to finish picking fruits

                         

                        from the beginning of August to the beginning of the month.

                         

                        It is because in August, the fruits will not fall off much.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        👉 One fruit per 20-30 leaves

                         

                         

                        As for the appropriate amount, it seems that this is a standard.

                         

                         

                        However,

                         

                        it is hard to count the number of leaves even potted lemons.

                         

                         

                        In addition,

                         

                        even though there are few leaves,

                         

                        it seems to be able to harvest fruits,

                         

                        so the above number is just an indication.

                         

                         

                        And I want to leave the big and beautiful fruits

                         

                        and pick other fruits.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        For my potted lemon,

                         

                        it seems to be good to leave 5-10 fruits.

                         

                         

                        I will repeat it once more.

                         

                        For the above reasons,

                         

                        I picked the fruit while observing the condition of the fruit.

                         

                        I picked fruits while looking at the size and color of the fruits

                         

                        so that one or two fruits remained in one branch.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        Currently 11 pieces.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        I will grow lemon until August in this condition,

                         

                        and when it is August, I

                         

                        would like to pick the fruit depending on the condition of lemon.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        I'm translating little by little.

                         

                        Please wait for a while.

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        1枝につき1つの実。

                         

                        ではありますが、

                         

                        今でも2つ付いたままの枝もあります。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        2つの実を残している枝の数、2。

                         

                        元気に育っていってくれるのを

                         

                        祈ります! おじぎ の画像

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        ちなみに、

                         

                        鉢植えレモンの実はいい感じですが、

                         

                        庭植えレモンは窮地に立たされています。

                         

                         

                         

                        残っている実の数、1。 夏だよ。子供だよ。汗だく の画像

                         

                         

                        昨年は全滅でした。

                         

                        昨年最後の実がこちらです。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        そして、

                         

                        現在残っている最後の1つの実がこちら。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        昨年落ちた時と同じぐらいの大きさには

                         

                        育っているでしょうか?

                         

                         

                        今の鉢植えレモンの実と比べても

                         

                        遜色ないようです。

                         

                         

                        なんとか「1つ」だけでも収穫に至れれば

                         

                        と願って! 

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        ちなみに、

                         

                        庭植えレモンが落果しないように、

                         

                        今年、対策は行ってみました。

                         

                         

                         

                         ,海谿幣紊寮長を止める為に、

                         

                          枝先を切除

                         

                        ◆‐来混み合いそうな枝を事前に切除。

                         

                         土を掘り返す。(根に酸素を)

                         

                        ぁー囲の木々を整理。(風通し改善)

                         

                        ァ_柔肥料の施肥。

                         

                         

                         

                        その時の記事が「こちら」です!

                         

                         

                        なかなか上手くいかないものです。

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        ゆるキャラ凸 デコメ

                         

                         

                         

                        ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                         

                         

                        後日談 1

                         

                        さて、上記の鉢植え庭植えレモンの果実

                         

                        その後、どうなったでしょうか?

                         

                        平成30年10月

                         

                        その年の収穫時期です。

                         

                        果たして、その結果は、「こちら」から!!

                         

                         

                        ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                         

                         

                        後日談 2

                         

                         

                        令和元年 5月が来ました。

                         

                        庭植えレモンも鉢植えレモンも蕾が沢山付きました。

                         

                         

                        昨年迄は、「生理的落果」に備え、

                         

                        「摘蕾摘花」はせず、「摘果」すると決めていました。

                         

                        しかしながら、5月3日で「摘蕾」を実施してみました。

                         

                        その時の様子が、「こちら」です!!

                         

                         

                        今年、どれぐらいの果実を残すようにしてみるか?

                         

                        鉢植えレモンは、昨年8個の収穫でした。

                         

                        今年、昨年と比べ、然程大きくなったとは言えません。

                         

                        なので、少し増加の10個以上を目指したいと考え始めました。

                         

                         

                        実を残し過ぎて、隔年結果となってしまってはいけませんが、

                         

                        やはり、「どれぐらいの果実を残せるのか?」という

                         

                        限界を知りたいという気持ちもあります。 ^^;

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        一方で、庭植えレモンはどうするのか?

                         

                         

                        「幼苗で一番成長する季節は秋ですが、これは根の成長を意味します。 5年以上の木は春でも秋でも成長に大差はありません。 1〜4年目くらいまでは秋の成長を促したいですね。 4年で成長。5年目から収穫。 これが最短のように思います。 家のみかんも今年初生りで20個。 来年が50個。 再来年が100個。 見えております。」

                         

                         

                        「全く実の無いのも寂しく楽しみがありません。 小さな苗は1〜2個程度でしょうか。 地植えレモンは6年くらい待ったことがあります。 初生りで100個ほど収穫しました。

                         

                         

                        色々なコメントを頂いております。

                         

                        平成27年5月に植えた庭植えレモンです。

                         

                        今年5年目に入ります。

                         

                         

                        出来れば、今年は40個、来年は100個を目指したいものです

                        *上記コメントを頂いた方の樹の大きさは知りませんが・・・

                        *それ以前に、当家の樹が枯れずに頑張ってくれれば良いのですが・・・

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        ほんの少しでも、

                         

                        面白いと思って頂ければ、

                         

                        下のバナー(コロ)を

                         

                        「ポチッ」と押して頂きますと、

                         

                        これからも、頑張れます!

                         

                         

                        宜しくお願いします。 おじぎ の画像

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         


                        にほんブログ村

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                         

                        2017.09.17 Sunday

                        Nursery tree of lemon The various kinds

                        0

                          JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                           

                           


                           

                          Nursery tree of lemon

                           

                          The various kinds


                           

                           

                           

                          After I'll get a plant of lemon....

                           

                          Until a small fruit is being....

                           

                           

                           

                          While various blogs are being written....

                           

                          A plant of various lemons

                           

                          was being introduced.

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          To have the so many kinds....

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          ■ Index

                           

                           1、Lisbon Lemon

                           

                           2、Happy Lemon

                           

                           3、Beer Flanker Lemon

                           

                           4、Eureka Lemon

                           

                           5、Meyer Lemon

                           

                           6、Allen Eureka Lemon

                           

                           7、Jumbo Lemon

                           

                           8、Sweet Lemon

                           

                           9、Princess Lemon

                           

                          10、Pinklemonade

                           

                          11、Saipan Lemon(Green Lemon)

                           

                          12、Chinese Little Lemon

                           

                          13、Rinoka Lemon

                           

                          14、Ponteroza Lemon

                           

                          15、Yuzu (Japanese Citron)

                           

                          16、Flower Yuzu

                           

                          17、Sudachi

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           Link to how to bring up lemon!!

                           

                          The record as which lemon is being trained actually was gathered with an occasional picture.

                           

                          "Is this the one done how?" but when having that,

                           

                          when I can receive at a glance,

                           

                          it's lucky!   

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          1、Lisbon Lemon

                           

                          My lemon is also Lisbon lemon.     大笑い

                           

                           

                          One of the main force kinds. Hard, tree vigor is recommended to a beginner by the fruitful kind, too.

                           

                           

                          To develop in the verticality direction, a branch tends to be a big tree.

                           

                          There is cold resistance compared with Eureka, so the occasion raising outdoors do is this kind.

                           

                          I'm rich in fruit juice, am strong in the sour taste and have the refreshing scent.

                           

                          There is private result, so you can thrust at a fruit with one.

                           

                          By a potted plant in addition to garden planting!

                           

                           

                          The last tree height : 2m〜3m

                          A harvest        : October-March

                          Cultivation suitable land : Niigata-ken and Fukushima-ken-Okinawa-ken

                           

                           

                           

                          3rd grader, a plant of 3402 yen

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          2、楽天 Optimistic about 1 winning a prize!   Happy lemon

                           

                          How to bring up, it also seems to be with a tour guide!

                           

                          Or, the report state depends on a season of an order.

                           

                          Is there a fruit of yellow lemon at the time of an order of the autumn-winter?

                           

                           

                          A kind ;  Ground lemon

                           

                           

                          When I become mature roundly actually by a cross of orange and lemon, I'm strong in orange.

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          3rd grader, a plant of 4309 yen (including tax)


                          【幸せレモンの木】レモンの木 果樹苗 庭木 鉢苗 植木 苗木 苗 シンボルツリー 常緑 常緑樹 実のなる木 観葉植物 国産 ギフト ガーデニング【3年生苗/接ぎ木苗】【楽ギフ_包装】【楽ギフ_メッセ】【楽ギフ_メッセ入力】【新築祝/記念樹/庭植え】

                           

                           

                           

                          3、Beer Franker Lemon

                           

                          That almost prickle has big no characteristic.

                           

                          The flaw by the prickle is difficult to put on the fruit, and it's easy to work.

                           

                          That a strong prickle goes out while it's a sapling.

                           

                          The varietal characteristics of a fruit is near Eureka, the way where the cold resistance is weak.

                           

                          It's easy to bring up and it's the kind on which a fruit is often put.

                           

                          An abnormal fallen leaves in the late fall which you can watch carefully with other citrus fruits is a little kind.

                           

                          Eureka is setup and a branch has the aptitude spread in the side, while a branch of a beer flanker has the aptitude which becomes easy to develop in the verticalness direction. 

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          4、Eureka Lemon

                           

                          By one of the main force kinds, for beginners.

                           

                          The tree vigor is rather weak.

                           

                          There are few prickles relatively by the wing expanse.

                           

                          It's popular as a home fruiter by a delicacy and a perfume and of high quality.

                           

                          It's estimated, but the cold resistance is rather weak little compared with Lisbon.

                           

                          Well, the seed is rather little by 110-about 130 grams.

                           

                          The kind heat resistance tends to bring up relatively highly.

                           

                          There is private result, so you can thrust at a fruit with one.

                           

                          By a potted plant in addition to garden planting!

                           

                           

                           

                          The last tree height: 2-3m

                           

                          A harvest: 10-March

                           

                          Cultivation suitable land: Kanto area-Okinawa-ken

                           

                           

                           

                          [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                          レモン 苗木 ユーレカレモン 13.5cmポット苗 れもん 苗 檸檬 gv
                          価格:2160円(税込、送料別) (2018/1/11時点)

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          5、Meyer Lemon

                           

                          It's mandarin and lemon whether the Meyer Lemon is orange.

                           

                          When a fruit takes on the roundness and is matured by the crossing kind which is so.

                           

                          A skin becomes orange.

                           

                          The sour taste is less than the general kind, and is it Judo?

                           

                          A juicy fruit is lemon of the feature by the flavor.

                           

                          The kind cold resistance and heat resistance tend to bring up relatively highly.

                           

                          There is private result, so you can thrust at a fruit with one.

                           

                          By a potted plant in addition to garden planting!

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          The last tree height: 2m-3m

                           

                          A harvest: October-March

                           

                          Cultivation suitable land: Niigata-ken and Fukushima-ken-Okinawa-ken

                           

                           

                           

                          [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                          レモン 苗木 マイヤー 四季成 13.5cmポット苗 れもん 苗 檸檬 gv
                          価格:2160円(税込、送料別) (2018/1/24時点)

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          A second year plant of 2138 yen (including tax)


                          ◆予約販売(11月中旬〜下旬発送)◆ レモン 苗木 【ラフマイヤー】 2年生 接ぎ木 ポット苗 レモンの木 苗 常緑 果樹 柑橘 香酸柑橘 柑橘苗木 果樹苗木
                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          6、Allen Eureka Lemon

                           

                          The kind a prickle is short relatively and by which harvesting is possible from Wakagi.

                           

                          It's rich in fruit juice and good for quality of fruit.

                           

                          The cold resistance is low compared with Lisbon, but growth of four seasons is strong.

                           

                          It's realized in 1.

                           

                          It's strongest to the cold in the lemon, and I come by raising outdoors at the sunny place where I don't get a

                           

                          north wind in a warm place and the Pacific Ocean side.

                           

                           

                           

                          The last tree height: About 2 m

                           

                          A harvest: October-March

                           

                          Cultivation suitable land: Kanto area-Chugoku Shikoku and Kyushu

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          7、Jumbo Lemon

                           

                          A huge fruit, impact, much!

                           

                          The sour taste milder than usual lemon.

                           

                          The kind which tends to be realized.

                           

                           

                           

                          2139 yen (including tax)


                          ジャンボレモンの苗 巨大な果実はインパクトたっぷり!通常のレモンよりもマイルドな酸味♪結実しやすい品種ですジャンボレモンの苗
                           

                           

                           

                           

                          8、Sweet Lemon

                           

                          Isn't it sour! Strange lemon.

                           

                          The sweet lemon by which Iran is origin.

                           

                          It isn't acidic and is lemon with the faint sweetness.

                           

                          It's called "rimu Sea lean (sweet lemon)" by Iran and eaten as a fruit necessary to a winter from the height of its nutritive value.

                           

                          That besides abundance of the vitamin C also is unique and is called "king in the citrus fruits" at the inside!

                           

                          Or, a flower is also fragrant and even if it's for appreciation, it's said that they can enjoy themselves.

                           

                           

                           

                          [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                          レモンの木 スイートレモン 1年生 接ぎ木 苗 果樹苗 柑橘
                          価格:2268円(税込、送料別) (2018/4/28時点)

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          9、Princess Lemon

                           

                          "Rare species" plant of princess lemon.

                           

                          Do you think that it's orange! But it's sour!

                           

                          Lemon of perpetual private result.

                           

                          Even a potted plant is the kind Makoto Sawayama will be. It's also called "red lemon".

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                          ■良品果樹苗■姫レモン3号ポット苗
                          価格:898円(税込、送料別) (2018/4/24時点)

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          10、Pink Lemonade

                           

                          The colorful lemon which is very uncommon to pink lemonade and has high enjoyment value.

                           

                          Variegation is very clean.

                           

                          How to enter the speckle of the leaf is excellent in particular.

                           

                          When one around a bud blooms by light pink, a flower becomes white, and I have a superficial scent.

                           

                          While while being young actually, green stripes enter, and ripening, stripes will be going off and be yellow lemon.

                           

                          A seed tends to use fruits in a dish little by beautiful pink, and you add a new color scheme.

                           

                          When it's colored perfectly, the variegated design goes off, so rather early profit is recommended.

                           

                          I'm sensitive to the cold, so I pay attention!

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                          レモン 苗木 ピンクレモネード 15cmポット苗 れもん 苗 檸檬 gv
                          価格:4212円(税込、送料別) (2018/2/3時点)

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          11、Saipan Lemon(Green Lemon)

                           

                          The lemon popular by the refreshing sour taste.

                           

                          This seed is the lemon I don't do market circulation of so much.

                           

                          A skin is also called an another name "green lemon", and is the lemon harvested inside the putting green.

                           

                          The mild sour taste is the taste which becomes a habit.

                           

                          It's good to slice and put it in tea!

                           

                          I pollinate myself, so a fruit will be in one.

                           

                           

                           

                          [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                          【花芽付き】サイパンレモン 苗木 6号 r(c19)
                          価格:4104円(税込、送料別) (2018/4/24時点)

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          12、Chinese Little Lemon

                           

                          It's named lemon, but it's the tachibana of four seasons grown at Southeast Asia.

                           

                          You can thrust at a fruit with the hybrid of the tangerine orange and the kumquat throughout the year.

                           

                          It's akin to SHIKWASA which grows naturally in Okinawa, but NOBIRECHIN isn't included in fruit juice.

                           

                          There is also "about 6 times more than SHIKWASA of rutin" for the content of "citric acid".

                           

                          Well, it's fragrant and the sour taste is strong and it's possible to eat just as it is.

                           

                          Cold resistance is strong in the lemon, and it's also the feature that I'd like one with a fruit.

                           

                          I'm strong in the becoming nature of four seasons, from autumn to early summer, the golden age of profit.

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          1st grader, a plant of 3456 yen (including tax)


                          チャイナリトルレモン《果樹苗》「☆」

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          13、Linoka Lemon

                           

                          Various improvement is added and is a new breed of the lemon on which I appeared in 2015 by the crossing kind of Lisbon lemon and sunny place summer.

                           

                          A fruit is in about 200 grams, too bigger than usual lemon, the sour taste is controlled and is the mellow food taste, and a seed islittle, and even a hand can also peel skin soft.

                           

                          Even one tree is born much, the harvest time is for about 1 month and a half also earlier than usual lemon.

                           

                          A prickle is easy to handle little.

                           

                          That the biggest feature is strong in "ulcer disease".

                           

                           

                           

                          1st grader, a plant of 3218 yen (including tax)

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          14、Ponteroza Lemon

                           

                          The marvelous huge lemon first appearance!

                           

                          The quadruple size of the usual lemon! 300-about 400 g and sour taste are smooth, and the size is mild.

                           

                          Much fruit juice comes and comes in handy in juice and liqueur because it's big.

                           

                          A harvest time for warm place cultivation is from the beginning of October.

                           

                          It'll be in one.

                           

                          It's easy to make, and born so much.

                           

                          There are rather much prickles little, but it can be said that growing is dynamic.

                           

                          A fruit is the big actual lemon across which I come at a fruit department rather big.

                           

                          It's rather thick-skinned little.

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          I graft 1st grader Pot plant ¥1,814- (including tax).

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          15、Yuzu (Japanese Citron)

                           

                          A fruit is big and is the fragrant kind in the citron.

                           

                          It's young that the long prickle can be made the branch which develops hard, and the feature.

                           

                          It's strongest to the cold in the citrus fruits,

                           

                          and when it's exposed to strong bise, I shed leaves, but when the temperature becomes high, it normally grows.

                           

                          It's strong in a disease carrier compared with other citrus fruits and without agricultural chemicals, the tree species I tend to grow.

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          3240 yen (including tax)

                          [商品価格に関しましては、リンクが作成された時点と現時点で情報が変更されている場合がございます。]

                          本柚子(ホンユズ) 6号r
                          価格:3240円(税込、送料別) (2017/12/3時点)

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          16、Flower Yuzu

                           

                          My citron, flower Yuzu (one year old Yuzu).   

                           

                           

                          It's the feature the Flower Yuzu is a little short compared with Yuzu, and that it's good with a fruit.

                           

                          A flower can use the fragrance of the white pretty citrus fruits for a dish actually.

                           

                          When a citrus fruiter is planted in a garden, it's said that a generation after generation (orange) person shines out.

                           

                          The Flower Yuzu are richer in fruit juice than Yuzu, and smells slightly.

                           

                          It's ideal to put it in distilled spirits!

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          3rd grader, a plant of 3402 yen (including tax)

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          17、Sudachi

                           

                          Good luck, brought origin tree.

                           

                          The lucky citrus fruiter to which you say "A generation after generation (orange) person shines out." when it's planted in a garden.

                           

                          The flower is beautiful by an evergreen and there is a perfume.

                           

                          When one family has that, it comes in handy in a dish.

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          4th grader, a plant of 4536 yen (including tax)

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          I can also exert myself、

                           

                           

                          if you push this banner!! 

                           

                           

                          ( my dog, namely KORO )

                           

                           

                           

                          Thank you.          おじぎ の画像

                           

                           

                          顔だよ。困る

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                           

                          2017.09.03 Sunday

                          Part 4-1

                          0

                            JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            АLonghorn beetle

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 What is Longhorn Beetle?

                             

                            Adults appear in May - September. Bite the bark, mainly pierce the main trunk below 60 cm above the ground to lay eggs. The larvae eat the inside of the trees, and since it puts out wood chips and feces from the hole of the tree, it can be said that it is easy to discover. Larvae take 2 years to adult. Larvae become pupae in trees.

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Damage to the longhorn beetle

                             

                            Larvae (commonly known as Teppoumushi) keeps eating under the bark in trees. As a result, trunks and branches become hollows, they may break or die. Adults harm the soft bark of a new treetop, which may cause branches to die. Damage to young trees is great, and many trees besides citrus are harmed.

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Removal method 

                             

                            If you find an adult, you kill it. Also, if a branch or trunk has a round scratch, crush the egg because the possibility of the egg laying part is high. If a hole opens in a branch or a trunk, and the wood chips etc. are squirting, there is a possibility that there are larvae, so we insert a wire etc. and kill it.

                             

                             

                             

                            When using medicine, spray EMP emulsion and benica water-soluble material etc. from the middle of June to the middle of July when spawning begins. Scatter to the main trunk within 70 cm from the ground. In addition, wrapping palm fibers or newspapers around the trunk of 30 to 40 cm from the ground, it is also effective to prevent adult egg laying.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             


                            ─Thrips

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 What is Thrips

                             

                            Even adults are small and 1-2 millimeters tall. Thrips repeats occurrence around 10 times a year. Larvae and adults suck juice of new buds, new leaves, flowers and fruit. Thrips occur frequently during high temperature and dryness in summer. So many thrips are born in a short period of time. Thrips prefers to inflict soft parts of plants.

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Damage to thrips

                             

                            Thrips enter the flower and suck the juice. Buds are also targeted. As a result, the flowers do not flower, they become brown and wither. Moreover, the color may come out white. Leaves do not spread when thrips parasitize on sprouts. Fruits may have small spots on the skin. It may be like a scab. Be careful about virus mediation. At first glance, it is similar to the damage of spider mite, so to distinguish it we will check the insect.

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Removal method

                             

                            In the visible phase, the medicine will show its effect, but if it gets into the flowers etc, the effect will be small. Pick up thrips and dispose of it. Thrips suck the juice mainly on the back of the leaves, so spray the medicine on the back of the leaves. You can also capture thrips by gluing a blue adhesive tape around the tree. You can prevent intrusion of thrips by sticking light reflection film etc around the tree.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            5、Disease of the lemon

                             

                             

                             

                             Melanose

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Symptom

                             

                            I see it in the period when it rains around June to September. Even in the high temperature period around August and the temperature falling after November, the spreading speed is slow. Bacteria of Melanose that live in the soil bounce back with rain and water and get stuck to the leaves on the bottom to infect them. It is also called early blight or black stars disease. When rain continues, Symptom frequently occurs. As the number of leaves decreases, the force of tree growth is weaken and flowers bloom less easily. It can be said that any fruit tree catch this disease. It is a disease that is particularly prone to young branches and leaves.

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Workaround

                             

                            Immediately remove the diseased leaves, and also remove the falling leaves. I will wipe the medicine about every 3 days, about 3 to 4 times.

                             

                             

                             

                            If all the leaves have fallen without correcting Melanose, organize the withered, thin, small branches and cut lightly the branches. It is effective to remove sick leaves that fell to the ground and give a lot of potash fertilizer. 

                             

                             

                             

                            If sprout comes out after removing sick leaves, preventive medicine is sprayed to prevent recurrence. In the case of potted plants it is also effective to evacuate to a place not exposed to rain. It is also good to sterilize the ground surface. 

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Points to watch out for

                             

                             

                            a Clean the dead leaves and branches so that they do not fall on the root of the tree. 

                             

                             

                             Water the roots of the trees so that branches and leaves do not get wet.

                             

                             

                             Make sure that the tree does not hit the rain.

                             

                             

                             To prevent water from bouncing, lay multiple sheets etc.

                             

                             

                             If it finds out the occurrence, remove it, sprinkle the medicine to prevent spreading.

                             

                             

                             Do not make fertilizer run out.

                             

                             

                             Do not apply more nitrogen fertilizer at one time.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 An effective fungicide

                             

                             Aerosol                         ; Ortran C, Benica DX etc.

                             

                             Spraying agent           ; Benica X Spray etc.

                             

                             Before it occurs          ; Daconille 1000 etc.

                             

                             Early stage of onset  ; Supple emulsion etc.        

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            ◆Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Symptom

                             

                            Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri prefers low temperature and it infects by rain and wind. It is a disease that occurs against a wide range of things, such as fruits, flowers and branches. Sometimes lesion spots are formed on the spring leaves, the center becoming cork and becoming rough. The surroundings are accompanied by a yellow blur. Especially, if a branch has a wound, it infects from there. On the branches of summer and autumn, Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri frequently occurs on the edible traces of Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi).

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Workaround

                             

                            This disease is a bacterial disease, and in order to prevent it, make sure that the plant does not get exposed to strong rain and wind, while allowing the wind to pass well. In the winter, we will cut away the dead branches and dispose of them. Drugs are not very effective, but the next drugs are sprayed once each before the onset of disease, just before flowering, immediately after flowering, during rainy season, when the typhoon is coming, spray it before it comes.

                             

                             

                             

                            <Applicable drug>

                             

                            Bordeaux solution

                            Copper wettable powder + carbonate lime

                            Streptomycin agent etc.

                             

                             

                             

                             


                             Elsinoë fawcettii

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Symptom
                             

                            Elsinoë is common in violets and citrus fruits. Initially, a scab scar is formed on the leaves, stems and young branches, and many small white and brown round spots appear. As the spot gradually becomes 2 to 3 mm, the middle becomes scab-like in shape. When the disease progresses, in the case of leaves the spot will break and the hole will open, in the case of the branches it will deform and twist and shrink.

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Workaround

                             

                            Pathogens are a type of filamentous fungus (mold). The scab which can be in the lesion part is the source of the spores. It will pass winter as it is. The temperature is around 22 to 24 ° C, and it is likely to occur if the ventilation is bad. Because it spreads out by rain, we prevent it by vinyl etc. to prevent leaves etc from hitting the rain. In addition, it removes branches and leaves with lesions that are a source of infection, also collects fallen leaves and incinerates it.

                             

                             

                             

                            Mid to late April (germination period), late May (period when the flowers fall), and middle to late June. This three times, spray the following medicines.

                             

                             

                             

                            <Applicable drug>

                             

                            Dithianon wettable powder

                            Thiophanate methyl wettable powder

                            Benomyl wettable powder, etc.

                             

                             

                             

                             


                            ぁGray mold

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Symptom

                             

                            At the beginning, light brown spots like water seems to be formed. After that, spots will grow sharply and rot. As symptoms develop, gray and gray green molds will appear to cover lesions when wet. Gray mold crosses the winter on its plants with mycelium status. At around 20 degrees Celsius, it generates spores at times of heavy rain. Spores are scattered by the wind.

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Workaround

                             

                            Because it occurs frequently in a humid environment, pruning is carried out as appropriate so that it does not become overgrown. Pay attention to ventilation. Apply to sunshine enough for potted plants. It is also effective to store the harvested fruit immediately after placing it in a well-ventilated place for 3-4 days without storing it immediately. The diseased part will be removed as soon as it is found, and if the damage is severe its all stump will be incinerated.

                             

                             

                             

                            If you spread the following medicine before harvest you can prevent the onset.

                             

                             

                            <Applicable drug>

                             

                            Thiophanate methyl wettable powder

                            Benomyl wettable powder

                            Guazatine liquid medicine etc.

                             

                             

                             

                             


                            ァCercospora leaf mold

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Symptom

                             

                            Like the soot is covered, the leaves, trunks and branch surfaces become black and dirty. The soot will gradually spread and the coating will cover the entire surface. Breathability and sunshine are poor, prefer a humid environment, Cercospora leaf mold occurs. There is something that happens parasitically on the excretion of sucking pests. And there is something that ingest nutrients directly from plants.

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Workaround

                             

                            It is best not to leave insect pests (such as Coccoidea and aphids) that cause bacteria. Frequent pruning is important because it is likely to occur when breathability or sunshine is bad.

                             

                             

                             

                            <Applicable drug>

                             

                            Sumithion emulsion

                            Ortran wettable powder

                            Actilic emulsion etc.

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Painted Polymita eats it

                             

                             

                             

                            "Painted Polymita(Kodama Maimai)" which is said to be the world's most beautiful snail eats "Cercospora leaf mold". However, it is difficult to continue to give "Cercospora leaf mold" as a food. In addition, it appeared in Annex I in the Washington Treaty of 2016, it became difficult to import, it seems to be difficult to use as a beneficial insect.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             


                            6、Diagnosis due to the symptom

                             

                             

                             A leaf is yellow

                             

                            The leaves slowly turn yellow, and then it falls down, there are cases of leaf lifetime. However, there seems to be a possibility that the roots are damaged.

                             

                             

                             

                            < Cause yellow leaves >

                             

                            ・ Leaf lifetime

                            ・ Root rot

                            ・ Nutritional deficiency (nitrogen shortage)

                            ・ Water shortage

                            ・ Sunlight is strong

                            ・ The temperature is low

                            ・ Spider mite smoked leaf juice, etc.

                             

                             

                            We must take measures against each factor. However, once a leaf turns yellow, even if you take measures, there is nothing to return to green again. If you want to return to green, leave a few leaves at the tip and remove other yellow leaves. The young trees of lemon grow branches and leaves well (tree is strong). Sprouts come out relatively soon and only become green leaves.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Roots are damaged

                             


                             

                            Leaves gradually turn yellow and eventually fall. If the number is small, it is the life span of the leaves, but if there are many, the root may be damaged.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 The temperature is low

                             


                             

                            It gradually withers from the tip and becomes crisp. If it falls below minus 3 ℃ it will be more likely to occur.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Nutritional deficiency (nitrogen deficiency)

                             

                             

                             

                            The green gradually becomes thin, and when it is terrible it turns yellow as a whole. The cause may have a reason other than just a single element such as nitrogen is missing.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Manganese deficiency etc.

                             

                             

                             

                            The veins of a leave will yellow. If the condition is bad it will cause abnormal fallen leaves. There is a possibility that the alkalinity of the soil is high.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             


                            ◆The spots of the leaves is yellow

                             

                              👉 Five elements of fertilizer

                             

                             

                             

                            a、Nitrogen (It becomes the basis of the protein necessary for the new organization to grow)

                             

                             

                            Nitrogen is mainly effective for growing plants. Especially it makes leaves bigger, it is said to be fertilizer for leaves (HAGOE). If it is too much, it will become spindly growth and weak and will be more vulnerable to pests. Growth will be worse if it is not enough. The green becomes thin (it decomposes leaves' proteins and reuses them), the leaves become pale yellow. (It will turn yellow from the lower leaves close to the ground) 

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            Nitrogen is easy to starve so be careful!

                             

                             

                             Nitrogen becomes nitrate nitrogen due to the action of microorganisms in the soil,

                                  and it flows away with rain.

                             

                             

                             

                             When cow manure compost containing sawdust was applied, when the amount of cow dung

                                  is small relative to the amount of sawdust, microorganisms ingest nitrogen as food.

                             

                             

                            As mentioned above, even if 3 elements are applied, nitrogen may be deficient, so be careful.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            b、phosphoric acid

                             

                             

                            Phosphoric acid mainly relates to flowering and fruiting. It is said to be flower fertilizer (HANAGOE) or fruit fertilizer (MIGOE). Too much phosphoric acid will deplete iron, magnesium and zinc. On the other hand, less phosphoric acid causes delayed flowering and fruiting due to poor growth, and fruit quality and yield decrease. Phosphoric acid excess promotes potassium deficiency and induces iron deficiency.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            c、Potassium

                             

                             

                            It is said to be root fertilizer (NEGOE) as it mainly relates to root development and adjustment of osmotic pressure within the cell. Because it is easy to flow because of its water solubility, it is effective if you gradually apply it. When the potassium is insufficient, dead leaves and fallen leaves are seen early (it turns yellow from the edge of the leaf and its surroundings), it becomes more susceptible to disease. In addition, the growth of the roots becomes worse, it becomes easy to cause root rot.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            d、Calcium (lime)

                             

                            Calcium mainly works to strengthen the cell wall and strengthen disease resistance of crops. Since the soil of the field gradually tends to be gradually acidic, be sure to mix it according to the acidity (pH) of the soil before planting. If you can keep the soil in a state close to neutrality, the roots are good and you can increase the beneficial bacteria of soil microorganisms. Calcium deficiency seems to occur easily due to excessive nitrogen or lack of water.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            e、Magnesium

                             

                            It is a substance indispensable for the formation of chlorophyll which synthesizes carbohydrates. If it is insufficient, the generation of chlorophyll decreases and the photosynthesis works worse. It also serves as an active agent for important enzymes in the body. Symptoms of magnesium deficiency are characterized by chlorosis (leaving whitening due to loss of chlorophyll) between leaf veins. In other words, the pulse of the leaf is still green, but the space between the pulse of the leaf and the pulse becomes yellow and it looks like a pattern of a tiger. For magnesium deficiency symptoms, it seems effective to spray magnesium on the leaf face.

                             

                             

                             

                            Leaves may become yellow due to excess or deficiency of nutrients.

                             

                            Please refer to the above.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            Especially in my lemon trees, yellowing stopped by applying magnesium(dolomitic lime).

                             

                            I think that it is important to look at the state of the leaves and seek the cause.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 About immediate / slow release chemical fertilizer

                             

                             

                            👉 Lemon leaves turned yellow, so I applied dolomitic lime.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             


                             Flowers fall (flowers do not bloom)

                             

                            ぁThe fruit drops

                             

                             

                            The following problems are considered as causes of and .

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Saplings are too young.

                             

                             

                             「"It takes a long time for fruit for the first time"

                             

                             Please refer to this blog post. 

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 There is a problem with daily management.

                             

                               ・ Lack of sunshine

                             

                              ・ Cold protection measures

                             

                              ・ Water shortage / root rot

                             

                              ・ Excess or shortage of fertilizer

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Nutrition was used too much to grow the branches.

                             

                              「It takes a long time for fruit for the first time」

                             

                              「Pruning lemon」         See the article.

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 Lemon could not pollinate.

                             

                             

                             

                            👉  A biennial bearing.

                             

                              Including explanation of Physiological fruit drop (June drop)

                             

                             

                             

                            👉 I pruned too much.

                             

                             

                             

                            The reason why flowers and fruits fall are various as described above. In order to respond to it, I would like to observe the condition of lemon trees sufficiently and also to understand what kind of way of raising now. For example, I'd like to confirm "how much did you harvest last year," "When and how much fertilization was done," "how did you prune branches?" etc.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            I think that it is difficult to accurately determine the cause, but I would like to respond appropriately by observing and verifying every day. I am planning to record the state of the monthly every month. How many years passed after purchasing seedlings? What is the condition of the lemon tree at that time?

                            You can observe from various perspectives.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            I hope for your reference.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            7、Monthly work, monthly record

                             

                             

                            I try to keep monthly growth record.

                            I would like to mention here about the work to be done monthly by month.

                             

                            It is written in Japanese, but if you do not mind, please read it.

                             

                             

                            "From here" can come in.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            Thank you very much for reading

                             

                            through to the end.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            Based on this blog "How to grow lemon"

                             

                            I would like to continue

                             

                            verification of lemon cultivation.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            I hope to update this blog every time

                             

                            I can check the results.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            If you refer to this blog on occasion,

                             

                            I am very pleased.

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            Thank you very much. 

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            korolemon

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                             

                            2017.08.07 Monday

                            The lemon flower that has finally bloomed!

                            0

                              JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                               

                               

                               

                               


                               

                               

                              The lemon flower

                               

                              that has finally bloomed!

                               

                               


                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              Sunday, May 7, 2017

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              Sunday, May 9, 2017

                               

                               

                               

                              In spring 2017,

                               

                              I continued to observe lemon flowers on a daily basis.

                               

                               

                              Two years have passed

                               

                              since I planted lemon seedlings in the garden.

                               

                               

                               

                              Today,

                               

                              today,

                               

                              It will definitely bloom today.

                               

                               

                               

                              As you see,

                               

                              the lemon bud grows larger and larger,

                               

                              the flower does not open.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              May 10 (Wednesday)

                               

                               

                               

                              May 10 (Wed) 19:00,

                               

                              I returned home.

                               

                               

                               

                              Is it still yet?

                               

                              When I looked into it,

                               

                              the flowers were finally blooming! !

                               

                               

                              My eldest son was born two weeks later than planned.

                               

                              I was just as impressed at that time.

                               

                              So I said too much? (Sorry to the eldest son)

                               

                               

                               

                              I did not watch carefully last year,

                               

                              so when I noticed it was already blooming.

                               

                               

                               

                              However,

                               

                              I continued to see "still or not" every day this year.

                               

                              More than 100 flowers are blooming.

                               

                              I thought that more than 100 fruits would be born.

                               

                               

                               

                              I started to write a blog to grow lemon,

                               

                              but I felt that I was able to fulfill that purpose and finish writing.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              May 11 (Thu)

                               

                               

                              The next day too ...

                               

                              It has begun to bloom one after another.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              May 13 (Sat)

                               

                               

                              The flowers have begun to fall.

                               

                               

                              Flowers began to fall on Saturday the 13th.

                               

                               

                              If you think that the cherry blossoms are "full bloom",

                               

                              you will feel that only the leaves are left after two weeks.

                               

                               

                              Although the flower bloomed for the first time this year on 10th of May ...

                               

                              On the 13th of May, it have begun to fall...

                               

                               

                               

                              I felt a bad feeling about something...

                               

                              I decided that

                               

                              I thought lemon flowers would be that kind of thing.

                               

                               

                              However,

                               

                              when I saw what happened after the flowers were scattered,

                               

                              I had a bad feeling again.

                               

                               

                              There is nothing.

                               

                              Things that look like fruits ...

                               

                               

                              No matter how I think it,

                               

                              I do not think that the fruit will be born from here.

                               

                               

                               

                              I decided to search on the Internet again

                               

                              while feeling a bad premonition. 

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              A pistil is necessary to produce fruit.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              I did not know it. 泣き笑い

                               

                              I thought that all the flowers had stamens and pistils.

                               

                              What is the appearance of the flower with a pistil (stigma)?

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              There were.   Something like a pistil is attached.

                               

                              I am half happy and half sad.

                               

                              Why?

                               

                              Because there are almost no flowers with pistils.

                               

                              Most flowers that bloomed about 100 have no pistil.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              The appearance changes in this way ...

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              It became like this ...

                               

                               

                               

                              Although not all counted,

                               

                              there were about only 6 flowers with pistil.

                               

                               

                              "When the tree is small,

                               

                              don't bear much fruit and grow the tree itself."

                               

                               

                              It seems that they are not trying to leave a fruit.

                               

                              Was it just good to concentrate on tree's own growth?

                               

                              I decided to think for myself.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              However, there is still one unrest ...

                               

                              If these only 6 flowers with the pistils also falls ...

                               

                               

                              While feeling a bad feeling,

                               

                              but I will try to see the situation.

                               

                               

                               

                              ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                               

                               

                              After all in 2017, all the fruits have fallen.

                               

                               

                              There was no harvest.

                               

                              As I was sad that I had to wait for another year without harvesting,

                               

                              I purchased another lemon seedling

                               

                              and grown it in potted plants.

                               

                               

                               

                              The article when the seedlings came is 「here」!

                               

                              It was possible to harvest safely with this potted lemon this year.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              May 2015.

                               

                              I bought a lemon sapling about 80 cm tall.

                               

                              About three flowers were already attached.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              Next year, the spring of 2016.

                               

                              I think that more than 10 flowers have bloomed.

                              *I did not record clearly.

                               

                              And, follow the article of this 2017.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              My garden planting lemon blooms every year.

                               

                              So, for the situation where the flower does not bloom,

                               

                              there is no verification that "how should I cope?"

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              I increased the saplings of lemon with cuttings.

                               

                              (June 2017 implementation)

                               

                               

                              The following year, in the spring of 2018,

                               

                              one of seven cutting potted lemons has blossomed

                               

                              and a small fruit was born on the branch.

                               

                              (But it fell down)

                               

                              The article at that time is 「here」.

                               

                               

                               

                              And the next following year, in the spring of 2019,

                               

                              three seedlings of five cutting potted lemons has blossomed

                               

                              and it is growing now.

                               

                               

                               

                              One of the seedlings that did not bloom is a seedling

                               

                              that was grown in the sun instead of in the shade when cutting, to verify.

                               

                               

                              This seedling has been in poor condition (not well)

                               

                              and has poor growth.

                               

                              How can I make this seedling healthy?

                               

                              I am currently struggling.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              The other seedling which did not bloom is the seedling

                               

                              which pruned branches strongly.

                               

                               

                              The branches were strongly pruned too much,

                               

                              so the flowers did not bloom and new shoots hardly appeared.

                               

                              Now, finally, new sprouts are starting to appear little by little.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              In other words, if grown normally,

                               

                              even potted lemons that were increased with cuttings

                               

                              will bloom in two years later (next year if you grow well).

                               

                               

                              The article that summarizes the cause of the flower not blooming is「here」.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              In addition to the above causes, also check the root condition.

                               

                              Is there a space where new roots spread properly?

                               

                               

                               

                              ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                               

                               

                               

                              2018, spring.

                               

                              The flower has begun to bloom in the lemon tree planted in the garden.

                               

                              The situation was a little different from that of 2017.

                               

                               

                              The time when the brow started to open

                               

                              Flowering time

                               

                              The period from the first flower blooms to the time it disperses

                               

                              Percentage of incomplete flowers (number)

                               

                               

                               

                              The article at that time is 「here」.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                               

                               

                               

                              2019, spring.

                               

                               

                              「In the spring, flowers have begun to bloom and buds have been attached.」

                               

                              Isn't it a strange expression?

                               

                              As I thought so, the lemon tree was budded,

                               

                              and I felt that a few flower was blooming all year round.

                               

                               

                               

                              All year round・・・

                               

                               

                               

                              Yes, if I look well in the even middle of winter,

                               

                              I will find that lemon trees bear fruit somewhere.

                               

                               

                              Also, recently,

                               

                              I feel that many buds are blooming in a group at one place.

                               

                               

                               

                              It may be that trees are giving priority to leaving their offspring

                               

                              over growing themselves.

                               

                              So I cut off the top branch of the tree

                               

                              and take action to stop the growth.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              I have confirmed this size bud on April 14th.

                               

                              I have checked more than one.

                               

                              However, it is still a small bud.

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              On April 18th,

                               

                              I photographed the flower that bloomed.

                               

                               

                              On the evening of two days ago,

                               

                              I noticed the first flowering of this year when I came home.

                               

                               

                              The pistil (stigmas)of a flower are also firmly attached.

                               

                              (Complete flower)

                               

                               

                               

                              All flowers bloom at once and scatter at once・・・

                               

                              Not that,

                               

                              Flowers seems to bloom little by little.

                               

                              Well, something like that.

                               

                               

                               

                              An article that writes the status of April 14, 2019

                               

                              is「here」.

                               

                               

                               

                              ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                               

                               

                               

                              I can also exert myself、

                               

                               

                              if you push this banner!! 

                               

                               

                              ( my dog, namely KORO )

                               

                               

                               

                              Thank you.          おじぎ の画像

                               

                               

                              顔だよ。困る

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                               

                              2017.06.07 Wednesday

                              Know the pests and diseases and take action to protect the lemon tree!

                              0

                                 

                                JUGEMテーマ:家庭

                                 

                                 


                                 

                                Know the pests and diseases

                                 

                                and take action to protect the lemon tree!

                                 


                                 

                                 

                                 

                                I took care of lemon for the first time in two weeks.

                                 

                                 

                                What was so sad was that

                                 

                                there was a huge outbreak of "coccoidea".

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                When it broke out before,

                                 

                                I rubbed it down with a "toothbrush".

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                I thought I had removed everything.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                White dots were left a little,

                                 

                                I thought that there was a possibility that something might happen.

                                 

                                But,

                                 

                                So much ...

                                 

                                I did not think that it would berak out again.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Also today, I rubbed it down with a "toothbrush".

                                 

                                And I thought while rubbing it down.

                                 

                                Speaking of commonplace, but it is ...

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Countermeasures against diseases and pests

                                 

                                do not end with one action,

                                 

                                but continue over and over again.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Basically I have a bad memory.

                                 

                                「Eh ~ ~, I wonder what it was.」

                                 

                                I will check again each time.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                I also forgot today.

                                 

                                "I used to write blogs for Coccoidea and Melanose,

                                 

                                but I wonder what the title of the article is?"

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                In fact, I do not remember・・・ ^^;

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                So I will make a blog post

                                 

                                about diseases and pests,

                                 

                                and I will add what I studied in the future.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                1、「If you leave Coccoidea as it is・・・」

                                 


                                There is direct damage and indirect damage.
                                 

                                 


                                Direct damage is that

                                 

                                the attached Coccoidea itself loses its aesthetic appearance

                                 

                                and it has a negative impact on its growth

                                 

                                because the nutrients of its branches are absorbed.

                                 

                                 

                                If the number of parasites of Coccoidea is large,

                                 

                                the appearance of shoots and new leaves may be poor,

                                 

                                and it may cause withering.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Indirect damage is that

                                 

                                "Cercospora leaf mold" reproduces on the excrement

                                 

                                and the leaves are black.

                                 

                                 

                                Not only the aesthetics are lost,

                                 

                                but also the photosynthesis important for plants is disturbed

                                 

                                and the growth becomes worse.

                                 

                                 

                                In addition,

                                 

                                it induces a "felt (koyaku-byo)"

                                 

                                that seems to be attached to a velvety thing

                                 

                                at a parasitic place such as a branch.

                                 

                                 

                                The unusual damage symptoms

                                 

                                may cause roundish white spots of around 5 mm on branches and trunks.

                                 

                                This is a trace that Coccoidea was attached.

                                 

                                (Various theories)

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                2、「Melanose」

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                It will be seen during the rainy season from June to September.

                                 

                                The high temperature period around August

                                 

                                and the temperature decrease period after November

                                 

                                are slow to spread even if they occur.

                                 

                                 

                                Melanose bacteria in the soil bounce off in the rain,

                                 

                                and get caught on the lower leaves

                                 

                                and get infected.

                                 

                                 

                                It will occur frequently when the rain continues.

                                 

                                When the leaves decrease,

                                 

                                the ability of trees to grow weakens,

                                 

                                and it becomes difficult to bloom.

                                 

                                 

                                Fruit trees often suffer from this disease.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                👉 Workaround

                                 

                                 

                                Immediately remove the diseased leaves

                                 

                                and clean up immediately without leaving the fallen leaves.

                                 

                                The treatment medicine is applied 3 to 4 times

                                 

                                at intervals of 3 days.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                ※ If all the leaves fall without curing the disease,

                                 

                                arrange dead thin and small branches

                                 

                                and trim these branches lightly.

                                 

                                 

                                It will be effective to clean up the diseased leaves

                                 

                                that have fallen to the ground

                                 

                                and give more potassium fertilizer for prevention.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                If new shoots come out after removing the diseased leaves,

                                 

                                apply a preventive drug to prevent recurrence.

                                 

                                In the case of potted plants,

                                 

                                it is also effective to evacuate to a place where it does not rain.

                                 

                                It is also good to sterilize the ground surface at the same time.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                3、「Bell moth」(Hamakimushi)

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Hamakimushi is a larva of the bell moth.

                                 

                                Representative bell moth are Homona magnanima,

                                 

                                Adoxophyes orana etc.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Roll the leaves with threads that they put out,

                                 

                                live in it, and eat leaves and sprouts.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                It not only impairs the beauty of plants

                                 

                                but also interferes with the photosynthesis of leaves.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Therefore, damage such as delayed growth occurs.

                                 

                                In addition, by eating the bud, the deformed flower blooms.

                                 

                                Besides,it invades from the surface of the fruit and causes drop of fruit.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Bell moth (Hamakimushi) occurs in many plants

                                 

                                including flowers and vegetables, garden trees,

                                 

                                and fruit trees from April to November excluding midwinter.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                It occurs three to four times a year

                                 

                                and becomes active especially in the hot season of July to August,

                                 

                                so adults and larvae repeatedly occur and the damage spreads.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                The adults fly around at night and lay about 200 eggs at a time.

                                 

                                The eggs hatch in about 14 days,

                                 

                                and they become the pupas(sanagi)in about 1 month.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                It is important for early detection and elimination.

                                 

                                 

                                If it occurs in large quantities,

                                 

                                all the leaves will be squeezed with a thread,

                                 

                                and it will be eaten from the inside and the plant will die.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                If the larva lurks in the leaves,

                                 

                                the drug does not work directly,

                                 

                                so it is difficult to take effect.

                                 

                                So, as soon as you find it, pick up the leaves.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Also, if you find an egg on the surface of the leaf,

                                 

                                pick the leaf itself up and discard it.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                When a lot of Bell moth (Hamakimushi) has been generated,

                                 

                                the medicine(Sumithione emulsion, Oltrran solution /

                                 

                                wettable powder, marathon emulsion etc.)

                                 

                                will be applied to the surface of the leaf and inside.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                4、Please careful about manure desperation !

                                 

                                  (It is not sick...)

                                 


                                As much as we give a manure, it is not good.

                                 

                                The density of fertility in the soil rises when I fertilize it too much,

                                 

                                and the water of the root is robbed of it under the influence of osmotic pressure.

                                 

                                It can be expected,

                                 

                                "a lemon withers up even if I put up a lot of water".

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                In the future, while writing a blog,

                                 

                                when I write an article about pests and diseases,

                                 

                                I would like to add it to this page ...

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                                 

                                 

                                October 22, 2017

                                 

                                A lot of Melanose broke out.

                                 

                                The article at that time is 「here」!

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                March 20, 2018

                                 

                                I found the first Coccoidea that year and dealt with it.

                                 

                                The article at that time is「here」!

                                 

                                 

                                ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                                 

                                 

                                April 14, 2019, Sunday

                                 

                                It has been four years since I began planting

                                 

                                and growing lemons in the garden.

                                 

                                And it enters the fifth year of this year.

                                 

                                (I have only a few experiences yet)

                                 

                                 

                                Basically, I aim at pesticide-free cultivation,

                                 

                                so I do not use pesticides unless there is anything special.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                What I feel over the last 4 years.

                                 

                                Certainly, lemon trees suffer from various pests and diseases.

                                 

                                For example, this is the state of the lemon leaf of my house now ...

                                 

                                 


                                 

                                 

                                A lemon tree was damaged by Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)

                                 

                                and Bell moth (Hamakimushi).

                                 

                                 

                                Some of the leaves became white or yellow.

                                 

                                 

                                As mentioned above,

                                 

                                there were damage to Melanose and Coccoidea.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                However, by just doing a small measure at that time,

                                 

                                it did not become a big damage.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                I have grown lemon trees for four years,

                                 

                                but now I have something to think about.

                                 

                                If there is a big concern with pests,

                                 

                                are not only larva of the swallowtail butterfly?

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Larva of the swallowtail butterfly eats leaves very much,

                                 

                                so once you find it you need immediate removal.

                                 

                                 

                                I observed on the day off and removed it by hand.

                                 

                                I took it by hand and transferred it to a flower Yuzu.

                                 

                                There is no major damage just by removing it by hand.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                There are four leaves above.

                                 

                                However, if you look at the whole ...

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                It is like this.

                                 

                                It is not a state of being severely damaged.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                The annual growth is like this.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                However, a pione (grape) which is raised separately

                                 

                                is eaten by the larvae of Longhorn Beetle(teppoumushi).

                                 

                                So I am afraid of the longhorn beetle.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Be careful if wood chips appear around the root area.

                                 

                                It seems that there is a possibility that the tree itself will wither.

                                 

                                If the upper branch is eaten, just cut the branch.

                                 

                                However, there is no way to deal with the root area,

                                 

                                so I would like to be careful every day.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                And, please be careful about "the cold".

                                 

                                "Cold" is not a disease,

                                 

                                but lemon trees can be completely killed by "Cold".

                                 

                                 

                                My house is in a residential area

                                 

                                and I grow lemons in that garden.

                                 

                                 

                                I have received guidance that

                                 

                                "If you grow lemons in a residential area garden

                                 

                                in the Kansai area of Japan,

                                 

                                you do not need to take measures against cold at all."

                                 

                                 

                                If it is a residential area in this Kansai area,

                                 

                                it is said that the lemon will not get cold enough to die.

                                 

                                Areas such as groves seem to be colder than

                                 

                                residential areas because of strong winds.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                However,

                                 

                                I would like to continue my observation carefully.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                About "Slug"

                                 

                                 

                                My lemon pot was on the bench.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                However, a complaint came from my wife and grandmother.

                                 

                                 There is no place to dry zabuton etc!

                                 

                                ◆As I do water as it is, the bench becomes tattered!

                                 

                                 First of all, this is the place to sit down!

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                So, I changed the place to put it because I am sorry.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Replaced on top of the brick of the rim of the flower bed.

                                 

                                There are other pots, but there is still space.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                In less than a week ... full of slug ...

                                 

                                Concentrated 5 to 7 slugs gather in the lemon seedlings.

                                 

                                 

                                Slug eats soft leaves, buds and petals of plants.

                                 

                                I think that slug does not eat all the leaves etc.

                                 

                                like a larva of the swallowtail butterfly.

                                 

                                 

                                However, I did not think that so many slugs would gather.

                                 

                                I returned the lemon seedlings to the bench

                                 

                                so as not to cause mass outbreaks.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Then, it seems that slug can not go up on bench.

                                 

                                In the case of potted plants, it may be better to choose a place.

                                 

                                 

                                ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                                 

                                 

                                Blight?

                                 


                                *April 28, 2019 I found that sap was spouting!

                                 

                                 

                                Are there many falling leaves?

                                 

                                It is strange that leaves fall at this time・・・

                                 

                                I thought so and observed the condition of the tree.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                I found a lump of sap near the base of the ground.

                                 

                                Seeing from the front, it was just behind.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                I thought, "This was done by a longhorn beetle!"

                                 

                                And I looked for a hole.

                                 

                                However, there is no appearance of wood chips and poop.

                                 

                                The small hole itself can not be found.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                I tried to prick a few places with a screwdriver,

                                 

                                but I could not find a place where the inside was hollow.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Is not a longhorn beetle?

                                 

                                 

                                When I look closely,

                                 

                                I feel that the skin of the trunk is being scratched

                                 

                                rather than that the hole is open.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                And although it feels like it has already dried and healed,

                                 

                                there was a similar scar on the upper surface of this branch.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                It seems to be similar to the symptoms of blight.

                                 

                                This may be pretty bad.

                                 

                                 

                                In case of blight,

                                 

                                it seems that there is no choice

                                 

                                but to cut off the branches or peel off the trunk.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                I immediately applied top Gin M paste,

                                 

                                which was effective as wound healing and disease prevention.

                                 

                                And, I wound the part with Medale tape.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                I would like to see the situation for a while now.

                                 

                                If the symptoms get worse then let's peel off the skin next.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                If it still doesn't be cured of illnessget・・・・ ^^;

                                 

                                The lemon tree may die・・・

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Poor drainage, excessive pruning, and cutting thick branches

                                 

                                seem to make it more susceptible to disease.

                                 

                                 

                                In particular,

                                 

                                if you cut a thick branch,

                                 

                                apply a cohesion promoting agent such as Topjin M paste

                                 

                                and block the cut,

                                 

                                so that it is necessary to prevent the bacteria from entering the branch.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Even the places where it was difficult to see

                                 

                                should be observed enough.

                                 

                                 

                                I must reflect on it.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Postscript

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                In the article How to grow lemon」,

                                 

                                I tried to summarize the cultivation article of lemon.

                                 

                                 

                                I hope you can read it.

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                You can see an article

                                 

                                that summarizes diseases and pests

                                 

                                from here」!!

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 Table of Contents untill 5-6.

                                 

                                 

                                <Contents>

                                 

                                👉 Coccoidea

                                 

                                👉 Larva of the swallowtail butterfly

                                 

                                👉 Citrus leafminer (Ekakimushi)

                                 

                                👉 Bell moth

                                 

                                👉 Aphid

                                 

                                👉 Spider Mite (Mikanhadani)

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                The continuation is 「here」!! 

                                 

                                 Table of Contents from 5-7.

                                 

                                 

                                <Contents>

                                 

                                👉 Longhorn beetle

                                 

                                👉 Thrips

                                 

                                👉 Melanose

                                 

                                👉 Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

                                 

                                👉 Elsinoë fawcettii

                                 

                                👉 Gray mold

                                 

                                👉 Cercospora leaf mold

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                I can also exert myself、

                                 

                                 

                                if you push this banner!! 

                                 

                                 

                                ( my dog, namely KORO )

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Thank you.          おじぎ の画像

                                 

                                 

                                顔だよ。困る

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                 

                                Calendar
                                      1
                                2345678
                                9101112131415
                                16171819202122
                                23242526272829
                                30      
                                << June 2019 >>
                                ご覧頂きありがとうございます。
                                @korolemon
                                スポンサーリンク
                                ランキングに参加しています。ポチっと宜しくお願いします!!
                                にほんブログ村 花・園芸ブログ 果樹・野菜(家庭菜園)へ
                                にほんブログ村
                                スポンサーリンク
                                日本ブログ村ランキング
                                PVアクセスランキング にほんブログ村
                                Selected Entries
                                Categories
                                Archives
                                Recent Comment
                                • レモンと花柚子への接ぎ木後、106日経過です。
                                  korolemon (06/24)
                                • レモンと花柚子への接ぎ木後、106日経過です。
                                  korolemon (06/24)
                                • レモンと花柚子への接ぎ木後、106日経過です。
                                  海月 (06/24)
                                • レモンと花柚子への接ぎ木後、106日経過です。
                                  日本一の果実 (06/24)
                                • レモンの成長 2019.6 今年の生理的落果の様子と、鉢植え対比路地植えの威力!
                                  korolemon (06/23)
                                • レモンの成長 2019.6 今年の生理的落果の様子と、鉢植え対比路地植えの威力!
                                  日本一の果実 (06/23)
                                • ピオーネの成長 2019年6月  台風対策、そして、摘粒
                                  korolemon (06/22)
                                • ピオーネの成長 2019年6月  台風対策、そして、摘粒
                                  gerogero (06/22)
                                • ピオーネの成長 2019年6月  台風対策、そして、摘粒
                                  korolemon (06/22)
                                • ピオーネの成長 2019年6月  台風対策、そして、摘粒
                                  日本一の果実 (06/20)
                                Recommend
                                バースデー プレート
                                バースデー プレート (JUGEMレビュー »)

                                大切な人へ。

                                生涯残る、唯一の贈り物。
                                Links
                                Profile
                                Search this site.
                                Others
                                Mobile
                                qrcode
                                Powered by
                                30days Album
                                無料ブログ作成サービス JUGEM